Seeds of South Australia
Centrolepis fascicularis (Centrolepidaceae)
Tufted Centrolepis
List of species for Centrolepis
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Seed collecting:
December to March
Herbarium regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, South East
IBRA regions
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [could be undercollected]
Glenelg Plain (NCP02)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [could be undercollected]
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Probable Decline)   [could be undercollected]
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Near Threatened
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)   [in peat bogs; habitat quality declined]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii); D2)   (Probable Decline)   [needs wet sandstone; habitat quality declined]
Eyre Hills (EYB03)Eyre Yorke Block
 Critically Endangered   (IUCN: CR B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Definite Decline)
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Centrolepis]
SA Flora:
Flora of South Australia Edition 5
Name derivation:
Centrolepis from the Greek 'kentron' meaning a spur and 'lepis' meaning, scale, referring to the points on the bracts of Centrolepis fascicularis, the type specimen for the genus. Fascicularis from Latin meaning clustered or grouped together in bundles.
Found on lower Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, southern Mount Lofty Ranges and the lower South-east growing on margins of swamps and in moist micro-habitats. Also found in Western Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.
Native. Uncommon in South Australia. Rare in Queensland. Uncommon in Western Australia. Common in the other States.
Plant description:
Bright green perennial herb forming dense cushions to 12 cm diameter. Leaves numerous, linear-filiform, acute, to 4.5 cm long and 0.8 mm wide; straight, spreading, soft, sparsely pilose in the basal half, innermost leaf reduced to a hyaline ( membranous) sheath. Flowering head broadly ovoid, to 3 mm long on a long erect stalk. Flowering between November and February. 
Fruit type:
Small brown ovoid head at end of long stalk.
Seed type:
Small orange-brown ellipsoid seed to 0.7 mm and 0.3 mm wide.
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Collect fruit heads that are starting to dry off and turning pale straw colour by picking then off with your fingers.
Seed cleaning:
Place the heads in a tray for 1-2 week to dry. Then rub the heads with your hands or a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Pass the material through a sieve to separate the unwanted material. The finer material will contain both seeds (soft) and frass (hard) usually distinguishable from each other. With finer sieves, the seeds can be separated from the frass but this is not essential for storage or propagation. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 100%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
BGA21000 (1.64 g)503-Dec-2007RJB76289
Southern Lofty
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.