Seeds of South Australia
Centrolepis glabra (Centrolepidaceae)
Smooth Centrolepis
List of species for Centrolepis
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Seed collecting:
December to January
Herbarium regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
Glenelg Plain (NCP02)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Near Threatened   [annual; undercollected; responds to fire]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [known from 3 locations; habitat destruction, drying - threats]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [known from 2 sites: Kaizer Stuhl, Mt Crawford; red-gum flats; drying a threat]
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN A2ac)   (Definite Decline)   [single pops of <1000 plants]
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN A2ac)   (Definite Decline)   [single pops of <1000 plants]
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Definite Decline)
Lowan Mallee (MDD04)Murray Darling Depression
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Centrolepis]
SA Flora:
Flora of South Australia Edition 5
Name derivation:
Centrolepis from the Greek 'kentron' meaning a spur and 'lepis' meaning scale, referring to the points on the bracts of Centrolepis fascicularis, the type specimen for the genus. Glabra from Latin meaning smooth, without hairs.
Found on lower Eyre Peninsula, Yorke Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, southern Mount Lofty Ranges and the lower South-east growing in mud around temporary freshwater pools and stream margins. Also found in Western Australia, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.
Native. Rare in South Australia. Rare in Tasmania. Common in the other States.
Plant description:
Annual or ephemeral herb to 8 cm high, forming small scattered tufts, dull-green or becoming reddish. Leaves few, linear to filiform, acute, to 8 cm long and 1 mm wide; lax, flattened, glabrous, innermost leaf reduced to an obtuse hyaline sheath. Flower head cylindrical, to 3 mm long and 0.7 mm wide on a long erect stalk. Flowering between October and November.
Fruit type:
Small red-brown cylindrical  head at end of long stalk.
Seed type:
Small orange-brown ovoid seed to 0.4 mm and 0.2 mm wide.
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Collect whole plant that are starting to dry off and turning pale straw colour.
Seed cleaning:
Place the plant material in a tray for 1-2 week to dry. Then rub the pods with your hands or a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Pass the material through a sieve to separate the unwanted material. The finer material will contain both seeds (soft) and frass (hard) usually distinguishable from each other. With finer sieves, the seeds can be separated from the frass but this is not essential for storage or propagation. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 100%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
BGA30000 (0.4855 g)100+21-Jan-2011JQ138
Southern Lofty
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.