Seeds of South Australia
Cephalipterum drummondii (Compositae)
Pompom Head
List of species for Cephalipterum
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Seed collecting:
September to November
Herbarium regions:
North Western, Nullarbor, Gairdner-Torrens
NRM region:
Alinytjara Wilurara
IBRA regions
Kingoonya (GAW05)Gawler
 Least Concern
Commonwealth Hill (GAW08) 
 Least Concern
Maralinga (GVD03)Great Victoria Desert
 Least Concern   [WA species]
Yellabinna (GVD06) 
 Least Concern
Carlisle (NUL01)Nullarbor
 Least Concern   [WA species]
Nullarbor Plain (NUL02) 
 Least Concern   [WA species]
Everard Block (CER03)Central Ranges
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range; little known here]
Tieyon (FIN03)Finke
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range; little known here]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Cephalipterum]
Name derivation:
Cephalipterum from the Greek 'kephale' meaning head and 'pteron' meaning wing; referring to the conspicuous bract laminae surrounding each flower head. Drummondii named after James Drummond (1786-1863), a Scottish born botanist and naturalist who was the curator of the government gardens in Cork, Ireland and an early settler in Western Australia.
Distribution:
Found in the western half of South Australia, growing in shrubland and woodland on sandy and calcareous soils. Also found in Western Australia.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in Western Australia.
Plant description:
Annual herb to 30 cm high with erect or ascending stems, unbranched above the base, pale-brown with sparse cobweb hairs. Basal leaves narrowly oblanceolate, attenuate at the base, obtuse to acute, to 40 cm long and 3 mm wide, dark-green and sparsely pubescent with crisped hairs on both surfaces. Stem leaves very narrowly elliptic to linear, acute, to 40 mm long and 1.5 mm wide, decreasing in size up the stem. Flower heads in globular clusters with white or tinged pink daisy flowers at terminal of each stem. Flowering between July and September.
Fruit type:
Creamy-white fluffy daisy head.
Seed type:
Dark brown ovoid seed to 1.7 mm long and 1 mm wide, covered in long dense white hairs.
Embryo type:
Spatulate.
Seed collecting:
Collect whole heads that are drying off and fluffy or collect just the seeds by plucking it off with your fingers. Mature seeds are easily removed.
Seed cleaning:
Place the heads in a tray for a week to dry. Then pluck the seeds from the head with your finders. Viable seeds will be fat and brown. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed germination:
Seeds are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily.