Seeds of South Australia
Chrysocephalum baxteri (Compositae)
Fringed Everlasting
List of species for Chrysocephalum
Display more images
Click on an image to enlarge it
Seed collecting:
January to February
Herbarium regions:
Flinders Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
Glenelg Plain (NCP02)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Near Threatened
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Least Concern
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(iii))   (Probable Decline)   [checked B Overton, M Haby: highly restricted; declining due to bluegum plantations]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Least Concern
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA b)   (Probable Decline)
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA b)   (Probable Decline)
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Least Concern
Talia (EYB04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Least Concern
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Probable Decline)   [edge of suitable habitat; in stringybark habitat]
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Data Deficient   [Unlikely]
IBRA regions
3 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
2 of 2 subregionsKanmantooLeast Concern
, Vulnerable
2 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
4 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
4 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionRare
, Data Deficient
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Chrysocephalum]
Name derivation:
Chrysocephalum from the Greek 'chryso' meaning golden and 'cephalus' meaning a head, referring to the golden flower heads. Baxteri named after William Baxter (1787-1836), an English gardener who collected in Australia on behalf of English nurserymen and private collectors.
Found in southern South Australia growing in open areas in sclerophyll forest and heathland on deep sand or on shallower well-drained sandy soils. Also found in New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.
Native. Common in South Australia. Rare in New South Wales and Tasmania. Common in Victoria.
Plant description:
Perennial herb to 40 cm high with numerous, usually unbranched stems covered in dense white-woolly hairs. Leaves linear, mostly to 30 mm long and 2.5 mm wide; acute, base slightly broadened, margins recurved to revolute; upper surface ultimately green and glabrescent, lower surface with dense white-woolly hairs. Flower-head solitary at tip of stalk with a white, yellow- centred daisy flower.  Flowering between September and November.
Fruit type:
Pale brown fluffy daisy-head.
Seed type:
Dark brown oblong seed to 1.3 mm long and 0.4 mm wide with smooth surface and  long feather-like pappus.
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Collect whole heads that are brown and fluffy or collect just the seeds by plucking it off with your fingers. Mature seeds are easily removed.
Seed cleaning:
Place the heads in a tray for a week to dry. Then pluck the seeds from the head with your fingers. Viable seeds will be fat and brown. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed germination:
Seeds are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
100000 (6.87+7.115 g)
10223-Dec-2003PJA 78
Southern Lofty
23-Mar-2006+5°C, -18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.