Seeds of South Australia
Chrysocephalum baxteri (Compositae)
Fringed Everlasting
List of species for Chrysocephalum
Display more images
Click on an image to enlarge it
Seed collecting:
January to February
Herbarium regions:
Flinders Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Glenelg Plain (NCP02)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Near Threatened
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Least Concern
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(iii))   (Probable Decline)   [checked B Overton, M Haby: highly restricted; declining due to bluegum plantations]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Least Concern
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA b)   (Probable Decline)
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA b)   (Probable Decline)
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Least Concern
Talia (EYB04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Least Concern
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Probable Decline)   [edge of suitable habitat; in stringybark habitat]
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Data Deficient   [Unlikely]
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
3 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
2 of 2 subregionsKanmantooLeast Concern
, Vulnerable
2 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
4 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
4 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionRare
, Data Deficient
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Chrysocephalum]
Name derivation:
Chrysocephalum from the Greek 'chryso' meaning golden and 'cephalus' meaning a head, referring to the golden flower heads. Baxteri named after William Baxter (1787-1836), an English gardener who collected in Australia on behalf of English nurserymen and private collectors.
Distribution:
Found in southern South Australia growing in open areas in sclerophyll forest and heathland on deep sand or on shallower well-drained sandy soils. Also found in New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Rare in New South Wales and Tasmania. Common in Victoria.
Plant description:
Perennial herb to 40 cm high with numerous, usually unbranched stems covered in dense white-woolly hairs. Leaves linear, mostly to 30 mm long and 2.5 mm wide; acute, base slightly broadened, margins recurved to revolute; upper surface ultimately green and glabrescent, lower surface with dense white-woolly hairs. Flower-head solitary at tip of stalk with a white, yellow- centred daisy flower.  Flowering between September and November.
Fruit type:
Pale brown fluffy daisy-head.
Seed type:
Dark brown oblong seed to 1.3 mm long and 0.4 mm wide with smooth surface and  long feather-like pappus.
Embryo type:
Spatulate.
Seed collecting:
Collect whole heads that are brown and fluffy or collect just the seeds by plucking it off with your fingers. Mature seeds are easily removed.
Seed cleaning:
Place the heads in a tray for a week to dry. Then pluck the seeds from the head with your fingers. Viable seeds will be fat and brown. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed germination:
Seeds are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA 
MSB
100000 (6.87+7.115 g)
100000
10223-Dec-2003PJA 78
Southern Lofty
23-Mar-2006+5°C, -18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.