Seeds of South Australia
Chrysocephalum semipapposum (Compositae)
Clustered Everlasting
List of species for Chrysocephalum
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Seed collecting:
January to March
Herbarium regions:
Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
Glenelg Plain (NCP02)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Data Deficient   [(no records) 1 record moved from BW IBRA - on loan checked by H Vonow, doubtful]
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Least Concern
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [grassland specialist]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Near Threatened   (Probable Decline)   [grassland specialist]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Near Threatened   (Probable Decline)   [grassland specialist]
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Least Concern
Olary Spur (FLB03) 
 Least Concern
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Least Concern
Northern Flinders (FLB05) 
 Least Concern
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Least Concern
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Least Concern
St Vincent (EYB02) 
 Least Concern
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Least Concern
Talia (EYB04) 
 Least Concern
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Least Concern
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)   [on roadsides in mallee; part of a spp complex]
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)   [probable miss ID of some records]
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Near Threatened
Braemer (MDD07) 
 Least Concern
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Least Concern
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02) 
 Least Concern
Barrier Range (BHC01)Broken Hill Complex
 Least Concern
Bimbowrie (BHC05) 
 Least Concern
IBRA regions
2 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainLeast Concern
, Data Deficient
2 of 2 subregionsKanmantooNear Threatened
, Rare
6 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
5 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
5 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
, Vulnerable
2 of 8 subregionsGawlerLeast Concern
2 of 4 subregionsBroken Hill ComplexLeast Concern
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Chrysocephalum]
Name derivation:
Chrysocephalum from the Greek 'chryso' meaning golden and 'cephalus' meaning a head, referring to the golden flower heads. Semipapposum from the Latin 'semi' meaning half and 'pappos' meaning down or fluff, referring to the pappus bristles being white for two-thirds of their length.
Found in central South Australia from the Gammon Ranges, northern Eyre Peninsula to the upper South-east growing in woodland and grassland on hills or rocky rises. Also found in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.
Native. Common in South Australia. Rare in Queensland. Common in the other States.
Plant description:
Erect perennial herb or subshrub to 60 cm high, aromatic with stems and branches covered in cottony or cobwebbed hairs. Leaves very variable, often dimorphic; those of successive seasons or of vegetative and flowering stems differing in length and tomentum; linear to oblong, mostly to 50 mm long and 4 mm wide, acute to apiculate; base broad, margins flat, recurved or revolute; surfaces both grey-cottony or upper surface glabrescent, sometimes scabrous. Flower-heads in clusters with golden-yellow or brownish daisy-flowers. Flowering between October and December.
Fruit type:
Pale brown fluffy daisy-head.
Seed type:
Brown ovoid seed to 1 mm long and 0.3 mm wide, covered in small tubercules and with pappus bristles finely barbellate and white for two-thirds of their length, upper third bright yellow.
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Collect whole heads that are brown and fluffy or collect just the seeds by plucking it off with your fingers. Mature seeds are easily removed.
Seed cleaning:
Place the heads in a tray for a week to dry. Then pluck the seeds from the head with your finders. Viable seeds will be fat and brown. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was low, at 15%.
Seed germination:
Seeds are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
10000 (0.6 g)
10000 (0.6 g)
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.