Seeds of South Australia
Cicendia filiformis (Gentianaceae)
Slender Cicendia
List of species for Cicendia
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Seed collecting:
November to December
Herbarium regions:
Murray, Southern Lofty, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Cicendia]
Name derivation:
Cicendia was recorded by Dioscorides, supposedly from ancient Tuscany for an unknown plant of the family. Filiformis from the Latin 'fili' meaning thread-like and 'formis' meaning form or shape; alluding to the shape of the leaf.
Found on Kangaroo Island, southern Mount Lofty Ranges and the lower South-east in South Australia, growing in moist places. Also found in Western Australia, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.
Introduced. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Tiny slender annual herb to 15 cm high with few-branches. Leaves linear to narrow-lanceolate, to 15 mm long and 2 mm wide, those at the base largest, but often withered at flowering. Flowers 1 to several, on erect stalk, yellow. Flowering between September and November.
Fruit type:
Brown ovoid capsule to 4 mm long, containing numerous seeds.
Embryo type:
Spatulate under-developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature capsules as they dry off and turn brown. They should contain hard brown seeds inside.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray for a week. Then rub the capsules with your fingers to dislodge all the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.