Seeds of South Australia
Cicendia filiformis (Gentianaceae)
Slender Cicendia
List of species for Cicendia
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Seed collecting:
November to December
Herbarium regions:
Murray, Southern Lofty, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Cicendia]
Name derivation:
Cicendia was recorded by Dioscorides, supposedly from ancient Tuscany for an unknown plant of the family. Filiformis from the Latin 'fili' meaning thread-like and 'formis' meaning form or shape; alluding to the shape of the leaf.
Distribution:
Found on Kangaroo Island, southern Mount Lofty Ranges and the lower South-east in South Australia, growing in moist places. Also found in Western Australia, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.
Status:
Introduced. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Tiny slender annual herb to 15 cm high with few-branches. Leaves linear to narrow-lanceolate, to 15 mm long and 2 mm wide, those at the base largest, but often withered at flowering. Flowers 1 to several, on erect stalk, yellow. Flowering between September and November.
Fruit type:
Brown ovoid capsule to 4 mm long, containing numerous seeds.
Embryo type:
Spatulate under-developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature capsules as they dry off and turn brown. They should contain hard brown seeds inside.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray for a week. Then rub the capsules with your fingers to dislodge all the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.