Seeds of South Australia
Colobanthus apetalus (Caryophyllaceae)
Coast Colobanth
List of species for Colobanthus
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Seed collecting:
November to March
Herbarium region:
South Eastern
NRM region:
South East
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Colobanthus]
Name derivation:
Colobanthus from the Greek 'kolobos' meaning stunted and 'anthos' meaning flower, referring to the flower wth no petals. Apetalus from Latin meaning without petals.
Very few records from South Australia and recorded only from the lower South-east growing along the coast, usually on sheltered dune slopes and in dune swales. Also found in New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.
Native. Very rare in South Australia. Rare in New South Wales and Victoria. Common in Tasmania.
Plant description:
Tiny annual sedge-like herb, almost stemless densely tufted herb to 5 cm high. Leaves linear-subulate, concave towards the base, sheathing at the base; attenuated into a long point, to 3 cm long and 1 mm wide, with flattened to rounded, sometimes obscure midrib. Flower-head glabrous, erect, growing from the centre of the leaf-tufts, mostly longer than the leaves, slightly thickened just under the calyx; flower single, terminal with sepals triangular-acute. Flowering between November and February.
Fruit type:
Small capsule slightly longer than the sepals, opening by 5 valves.
Seed type:
Brown slightly reniform seed to 0.5 mm across.
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Collect capsules that are maturing, fat and turning brown and contain hard brown seeds.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand or with a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Be very careful as the seeds are very small. Seeds should be hard and brown. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 100%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
BGA370 (0.0355 g)3018-Nov-2010DJD2052
South Eastern
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.