Seeds of South Australia
Commicarpus australis (Nyctaginaceae)
Pink Gum-fruit
List of species for Commicarpus
Display more images
Click on an image to enlarge it
Seed collecting:
November to May
Herbarium regions:
North Western, Lake Eyre, Flinders Ranges, Eastern
NRM regions:
Alinytjara Wilurara, South Australian Arid Lands
IBRA regions
Olary Spur (FLB03)Flinders Lofty Block
 Regionally Extinct
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Probable Decline)   [edge of range]
Northern Flinders (FLB05) 
 Least Concern   [prefers rocky ground]
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Near Threatened   [prefers rocky ground]
Torrens (GAW06)Gawler
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [outlier]
Bimbowrie (BHC05)Broken Hill Complex
 Regionally Extinct
Oodnadatta (STP02)Stony Plains
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Murnpeowie (STP03) 
 Least Concern
Peake-Dennison Inlier (STP04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Mann-Musgrave Block (CER01)Central Ranges
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [rocky gorges & gullies]
Everard Block (CER03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [rocky gorges & gullies]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Commicarpus]
Name derivation:
Commicarpus from the Greek 'kommi' meaning gum and 'karpos' meaning fruit; referring to the glandular anthocarp. Australis means of or from the south, or Australia.
Found north of the northern Flinders Ranges across to the north-west  corner in South Australia. Also found in Western Australia and Northern Territory.
Native. Common in South Australia. Uncommon in Northern Territory. Common in Western Australia.
Plant description:
Glabrous or somewhat puberulent perennial herb, with more or less erect or climbing stems. Leaves ovate, to 4.5 cm long and 4 cm wide, obtuse to cordate at the base, with undulate margins, often similar in colour on both surfaces. Flowers on pedicels with 3-8 funnel-shaped, pinkish flowers in an umbel.
Fruit type:
Dark woody brown club-shaped fruit to 10 mm long and 2.5 mm wide, surface covered with knob-like projections and hairs. Very stick.
Seed type:
Rice-grain-like seed found at the fattest part of the fruit.
Seed collecting:
Collect individual fruit by hand, those that are fat and hard. Fruits are very sticky.
Seed cleaning:
Place the fruits in a tray to dry for one to two weeks. No further cleaning is required if only fruits collected. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 100%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage

3000 (31.92 g)
Flinders Ranges
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.