Seeds of South Australia
Correa aemula (Rutaceae)
Hairy Correa
List of species for Correa
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Seed collecting:
January to February
Herbarium regions:
Murray, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Kangaroo Island, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin
IBRA regions
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [on west end; needs fresh water]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Probable Decline)   [restricted to swamps; lots of hybridisation]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v); D)   (Probable Decline)   [small pop at Mount Crawford; taxonomic issues with aff aemula; weeds (blackberry) & hybridising - threats; could be CR]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Correa]
Name derivation:
Correa named after Jose Francisco Correa de Serra (1751-1823), a Portuguese botanist. Aemula from the Latin 'aemulus' meaning like; referring to the similarity of this species to other Correa.
Found in the southern Mount Lofty Ranges and on Kangaroo Island in South Australia, growing  on sandy or rocky soils in open forests and heathy woodland. Also found in Victoria.
Native. Rare in South Australia. Rare in Victoria.
Plant description:
Erect to spreading shrub to 2 m high and 2 m wide with densely hairy stems. Leaves thin, orbicular or ovate to ovate-lanceolate to 4 cm long and 2.5 cm wide, apex acute to slightly rounded, surfaces sparsely to moderately hairy. Inflorescence solitary (rarely 2), axillary or terminal with hanging tubular, green or green-grey (darkening to mauve-purple with age) flowers. Flowering between September and December.
Fruit type:
Brown capsule to 8 mm long, enclose by the sepals
Seed type:
Dark brown reinform-oblong seed to 5 mm long and 2 mm wide, with a smooth surface.
Embryo type:
Linear fully developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature capsules, those that are turning a pale straw colour and contain hard seeds, either by hands or place small breathable bags over immature capsules to collect seed. Capsules maybe hard to see as it is enclose by the sepals.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for a weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Be very careful as the seed coat is thin and easily damaged. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 100%.
Seed germination:
This species has morphophysiological dormancy and can be difficult to germinate.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
1400 (7.47 g)
1400 (7.47 g)
Southern Lofty
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.