Seeds of South Australia
Correa reflexa var. reflexa (Rutaceae)
Common Correa
List of species for Correa
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Seed collecting:
June to October
Herbarium region:
South Eastern
NRM region:
South East
IBRA region
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [has now been split into relexa var scabridula]
Glenelg Plain (NCP02) 
 Data Deficient   [Bob Bates knows pops in Glenelg River NP]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Correa]
Name derivation:
Correa named after Jose Francisco Correa de Serra (1751-1823), a Portuguese botanist. Reflexa from the Latin 'reflectere' meaning to bent backwards; referring to the angle at which the leaf-like bracts above the flowers join the stem.
Found in the South-east in South Australia, growing in damp gullies in the coastal and near coastal areas. Also found in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.
Native. Rare in South Australia. Uncommon in Queensland. Common in the other states
Plant description:
Decumbent or erect shrub to 2 m high. Leaves papery, broadly ovate, to 60 mm long and 35 mm wide, apex obtuse, base shallowly to deeply cordate or rounded, sparsely stellate to slightly scabrous above, sparsely to moderately stellate-hairy beneath. Inflorescence mostly pendent, clasped between two reflexed foliaceous bracts with narrow cylindrical, red with green tips or dull green flowers. This variety differ from the other two varieties found in South Australia, Correa reflexa var. insularis which have green to yellow, erect to drooping flowers not obviously clasped by foliaceous bracts and C. reflexa var. scabridula which have red with green or pale lobes, erect to drooping flowers not clasped between reflexed foliaceous bracts and trumpet-shaped corolla, rather than having red with green tips or dull green drooping flowers clasped between two reflexed foliaceous bracts in C. reflexa var. reflexa. Flowering between April and September.
Fruit type:
Brown capsule to 9 mm long enclose by the sepals.
Embryo type:
Linear fully developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature capsules, those that are turning brown and contain hard seeds, either by hands or place small breathable bags over immature capsules to collect seed. Capsules maybe hard to see as it is enclose by the sepals.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for a weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Be very careful as the seed coat is thin and easily damaged. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed germination:
This species has morphophysiological dormancy and can be difficult to germinate.