Seeds of South Australia
Corynotheca licrota (Liliaceae)
Sand Lily
List of species for Corynotheca
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Seed collecting:
November to February
Herbarium regions:
North Western, Nullarbor, Gairdner-Torrens, Murray, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Alinytjara Wilurara, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin
IBRA regions
South Olary Plain (MDD01)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [likes coloured sands]
Murray Mallee (MDD02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Probable Decline)   [restricted habitat; disappearing dunes a threat]
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)Riverina
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02)Gawler
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Kingoonya (GAW05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Yellabinna (GVD06)Great Victoria Desert
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Corynotheca]
Name derivation:
Corynotheca from the Greek 'coryne' meaning club and 'thece' meaning a box; referring to the club-shaped fruit.
Found from Lake Gairdner west to the border and in the Murray region in South Australia, growing in low rainfall areas on sandy plains. Also found in Northern Territory, New South Wales and Victoria.
Native. Rare in South Australia. Rare in the other states.
Plant description:
Perennial herb to 70cm tall, leaves annual. Leaves at the base of the plant, to 60cm long, linear, flat or folded together lengthwise, hairless. Flower-spike divaricate, with numerous branches to 70 cm high, in clusters of 2–6 white to pale yellow flowers. Flowering between September and November.
Fruit type:
Green ovoid or club-shaped capsule to 7.5 mm long, containing a few seeds.
Seed type:
Black ovoid seed to 5 mm long and 2.5 mm long, with fine striation on the surface.
Embryo type:
Linear fully developed.
Seed collecting:
Collection capsules (can be green) that are fat and contain hard black seeds.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry forone to two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 88%.