Seeds of South Australia
Crinum flaccidum (Amaryllidaceae)
Darling Lily
List of species for Crinum
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Seed collecting:
June to September, November
Herbarium regions:
Lake Eyre, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Murray
NRM regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin
IBRA regions
Olary Spur (FLB03)Flinders Lofty Block
 Data Deficient   (IUCN: CR D)   [undercollected]
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Least Concern   [robust, wetter years, undercollected]
Northern Flinders (FLB05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [localised pop.]
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)Riverina
 Rare   (IUCN: RA ab)   (Probable Decline)
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Gawler Lakes (GAW03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Arcoona Plateau (GAW04) 
 Least Concern
Torrens (GAW06) 
 Least Concern
Roxby (GAW07) 
 Near Threatened
Bimbowrie (BHC05)Broken Hill Complex
 Data Deficient   [undercollected]
Strzelecki Desert (SSD05)Simpson Strzelecki Dunefields
 Least Concern
Breakaways (STP01)Stony Plains
 Least Concern
Oodnadatta (STP02) 
 Least Concern
Murnpeowie (STP03) 
 Least Concern
Peake-Dennison Inlier (STP04) 
 Least Concern
Macumba (STP05) 
 Least Concern
Witjira (STP06) 
 Least Concern
Baltana (STP07) 
 Least Concern
Sturt Stony Desert (CHC02)Channel Country
 Least Concern
Diamantina-Eyre (CHC04) 
 Least Concern
Coongie (CHC06) 
 Least Concern
Lake Pure (CHC07) 
 Least Concern
Pedirka (FIN04)Finke
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
IBRA regions
3 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
, Data Deficient
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling DepressionEndangered
  (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)RiverinaRare
  (IUCN: RA ab)   (Probable Decline)
6 of 8 subregionsGawlerLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
Bimbowrie (BHC05)Broken Hill ComplexData Deficient
Strzelecki Desert (SSD05)Simpson Strzelecki DunefieldsLeast Concern
7 of 7 subregionsStony PlainsLeast Concern
4 of 4 subregionsChannel CountryLeast Concern
Pedirka (FIN04)FinkeRare
  (IUCN: RA d(ii))
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Crinum]
Name derivation:
Crinum from the Greek 'krinon', meaning a lily. Flaccidum from the Latin 'flaccidum', meaning hanging down, flabby, limp, alluding to the flaccid leaves.
Found in eastern f South Australia, north of the Murray River, growing near inland rivers, often along sandy floodways. Also found in all mainland States.
Native. Common in South Australia. Rare in Western Australia and Victoria. Common in the other States.
Plant description:
Bulb ovoid to 10 cm diameter with a shortly-developed neck, not protruding above ground. Leaves few, flaccid, strap-shaped, to 80 cm long and 5 cm wide. Flower-stalk erect, somewhat compressed, to 70 cm high with an umbel of 4–14 large, white or cream, scented flowers. Flowering between February and June.
Fruit type:
Globular capsule with a few seeds in each.
Seed type:
Whitish, subglobose seed to 3 cm long, commonly germinating before falling.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature capsules off the plant or on the ground next to the plant.
Seed cleaning:
No cleaning is required if only seeds are collected. However, seeds cannot be stored long term.
Seed viability:
Seeds are recalcitrant, that is they do not survive drying and freezing and cannot be stored long term for ex-situ conservation.
Seed germination:
Seeds are recalcitrant and will germinate readily.