Seeds of South Australia
Crinum flaccidum (Amaryllidaceae)
Darling Lily
List of species for Crinum
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Seed collecting:
June to September, November
Herbarium regions:
Lake Eyre, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Murray
NRM regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Olary Spur (FLB03)Flinders Lofty Block
 Data Deficient   (IUCN: CR D)   [undercollected]
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Least Concern   [robust, wetter years, undercollected]
Northern Flinders (FLB05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [localised pop.]
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)Riverina
 Rare   (IUCN: RA ab)   (Probable Decline)
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Gawler Lakes (GAW03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Arcoona Plateau (GAW04) 
 Least Concern
Torrens (GAW06) 
 Least Concern
Roxby (GAW07) 
 Near Threatened
Bimbowrie (BHC05)Broken Hill Complex
 Data Deficient   [undercollected]
Strzelecki Desert (SSD05)Simpson Strzelecki Dunefields
 Least Concern
Breakaways (STP01)Stony Plains
 Least Concern
Oodnadatta (STP02) 
 Least Concern
Murnpeowie (STP03) 
 Least Concern
Peake-Dennison Inlier (STP04) 
 Least Concern
Macumba (STP05) 
 Least Concern
Witjira (STP06) 
 Least Concern
Baltana (STP07) 
 Least Concern
Sturt Stony Desert (CHC02)Channel Country
 Least Concern
Diamantina-Eyre (CHC04) 
 Least Concern
Coongie (CHC06) 
 Least Concern
Lake Pure (CHC07) 
 Least Concern
Pedirka (FIN04)Finke
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
3 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
, Data Deficient
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling DepressionEndangered
  (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)RiverinaRare
  (IUCN: RA ab)   (Probable Decline)
6 of 8 subregionsGawlerLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
Bimbowrie (BHC05)Broken Hill ComplexData Deficient
  [undercollected]
Strzelecki Desert (SSD05)Simpson Strzelecki DunefieldsLeast Concern
7 of 7 subregionsStony PlainsLeast Concern
4 of 4 subregionsChannel CountryLeast Concern
Pedirka (FIN04)FinkeRare
  (IUCN: RA d(ii))
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Crinum]
Name derivation:
Crinum from the Greek 'krinon' meaning a lily. Flaccidum from the Latin 'flaccidum' meaning hanging down, flabby, limp; alluding to the flaccid leaves.
Distribution:
Found in the eastern part of South Australia, north of the Murray River, growing near inland rivers, often along sandy floodways. Also found in all mainland states.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Rare in Western Australia and Victoria. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Bulb ovoid to 10 cm diameter with a shortly developed neck, not protruding above ground. Leaves few, flaccid, strap-shaped, to 80 cm long and 5 cm wide. Flower-stalk erect, somewhat compressed, to 70 cm high with an umbel of 4–14 large, white or cream, scented flowers. Flowering between February and June.
Fruit type:
Globular capsule with a few seeds in each.
Seed type:
Whitish, subglobose seed to 3 cm long, commonly germinating before falling.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature capsules off the plant or on the ground next to the plant.
Seed cleaning:
No cleaning is required if only seeds are collected. However, seeds can not be stored long term.
Seed viability:
Seeds are recalcitrant, that is they do not survive drying and freezing and can not be stored long term for ex-situ conservation.
Seed germination:
Seeds are recalcitrant and will germinate readily.