Seeds of South Australia
Cuscuta campestris (Convolvulaceae)
Field Dodder
List of species for Cuscuta
Display more images
Click on an image to enlarge it
Seed collecting:
January to June
Herbarium regions:
Murray, Southern Lofty, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Cuscuta]
SA Flora:
Flora of South Australia Edition 5
Name derivation:
Cuscuta from the Italian and Neo-Latin 'cuscuta', which is from the Arabic 'kushuta' meaning to bend; referring to the twining habit of the stem. Campestris from Latin pertaining to plains or meadows; alluding to the species original habitat.
Distribution:
Found in the southern Mount Lofty Ranges, along the Murray River and in the upper South-east in South Australia. Also found in all states except in the Northern Territory.
Status:
Naturalised. Common in South Australia. Uncommon in Western Australia and Tasmania. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
A leafless, twining, parasitic herb forming dense mats of growth over other plants, usually short-lived however can live for more than one year if it is attached to a long-lived host plant. Twining and branching stems are pale yellow, greenish-yellow, golden yellow or orange in colour. Inflorescent in dense clusters with yellow-green flowers. Flowering between December and April.
Fruit type:
Golden brown globular capsule to 4 mm diameter, containing up to 4 seeds.
Seed type:
Brown, yellow or grey globular seed to 2 mm long, surfaces roughened.
Embryo type:
Folded.
Seed collecting:
Collect capsules that are maturing, turning brown and contain hard seeds inside. 
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand or with a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.