Seeds of South Australia
Cuscuta campestris (Convolvulaceae)
Field Dodder
List of species for Cuscuta
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Seed collecting:
January to June
Herbarium regions:
Murray, Southern Lofty, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Cuscuta]
SA Flora:
Flora of South Australia Edition 5
Name derivation:
Cuscuta from the Italian and Neo-Latin 'cuscuta', which is from the Arabic 'kushuta' meaning to bend; referring to the twining habit of the stem. Campestris from Latin pertaining to plains or meadows; alluding to the species original habitat.
Found in the southern Mount Lofty Ranges, along the Murray River and in the upper South-east in South Australia. Also found in all states except in the Northern Territory.
Naturalised. Common in South Australia. Uncommon in Western Australia and Tasmania. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
A leafless, twining, parasitic herb forming dense mats of growth over other plants, usually short-lived however can live for more than one year if it is attached to a long-lived host plant. Twining and branching stems are pale yellow, greenish-yellow, golden yellow or orange in colour. Inflorescent in dense clusters with yellow-green flowers. Flowering between December and April.
Fruit type:
Golden brown globular capsule to 4 mm diameter, containing up to 4 seeds.
Seed type:
Brown, yellow or grey globular seed to 2 mm long, surfaces roughened.
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Collect capsules that are maturing, turning brown and contain hard seeds inside. 
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand or with a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.