Seeds of South Australia
Cuscuta tasmanica (Convolvulaceae)
Golden Dodder
List of species for Cuscuta
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Seed collecting:
January to June
Herbarium region:
South Eastern
NRM region:
South East
IBRA region
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii,iv))   (Probable Decline)   [under threat from herbiside spraying]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Cuscuta]
SA Flora:
Flora of South Australia Edition 5
Name derivation:
Cuscuta from the Italian and Neo-Latin 'cuscuta', which is from the Arabic 'kushuta' meaning to bend; referring to the twining habit of the stem. Tasmanica of or from Tasmania; referring to where the type specimen was collected from.
Distribution:
Only found in the South-east in South Australia around Salt Creek and Beachport, growing around saline areas and brackish marshes where usually parasitic on species of Wilsonia and Chenopodiaceae.
Status:
Native. Very rare in South Australia. Rare in Tasmania. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Annual, parasitic plant with yellow or red thread-like stems, twining and attached to the host plant. Once attached to a host, the stem decays near the base and severs connection to the root. Leaves reduced to small scales. Inflorescent in clusters of 2-5 golden yellow flowers. Flowering between December and May.
Fruit type:
Orange depressed-globular capsule to 3.8 mm diameter.
Embryo type:
Folded.
Seed collecting:
Collect capsules that are maturing, turning brown and contain hard seeds inside. 
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand or with a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.