Seeds of South Australia
Cymbonotus preissianus (Compositae)
Australian Bear's-ear
List of species for Cymbonotus
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Seed collecting:
November to January
Herbarium regions:
Flinders Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Data Deficient   [imprecise loc.]
Glenelg Plain (NCP02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Near Threatened
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [limited habitat]
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [limited habitat; 1 pop within a reserve]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)   [grassy ecosystems; grazed]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Near Threatened   [grassy ecosystems]
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i))   (Probable Decline)   [Grazing a threat]
Olary Spur (FLB03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i))   (Probable Decline)   [Grazing a threat. Probable decline.]
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i))   (Probable Decline)   [Grazing a threat. Probable decline.]
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i))   (Probable Decline)   [Grazing a threat. Probable decline.]
St Vincent (EYB02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i))   (Probable Decline)   [Grazing a threat. Probable decline.]
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [needs higher rainfall]
Talia (EYB04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [needs higher rainfall]
Lowan Mallee (MDD04)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Probable Increase)
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Regionally Extinct   [possibly extinct, not picked up in any surveys]
IBRA regions
4 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainNear Threatened
, Rare
, Data Deficient
2 of 2 subregionsKanmantooRare
, Vulnerable
4 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockNear Threatened
, Rare
4 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockRare
2 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionRare
, Regionally Extinct
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Cymbonotus]
Name derivation:
Cymbonotus from the Greek 'kymbos' meaning a boat and 'notos' meaning back, referring to the rounded backs of the achenes. Preissianus named after Johann August Ludwig Preiss (1811 - 1883), botanist and plant collector in Western Australia. 
Found in  southern South Australia growing in dry to moist woodlands and open-forests. Also found in Western Australia, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.
Native. Common in South Australia. Rare in Western Australia. Common in the other States.
Plant description:
Stemless perennial herb with ovate, elliptic or oblanceolate leaves to 15 cm long and 5 cm wide; margins deeply or shallowly toothed, green and pubescent above; densely white-tomentose with prominent veins below. Flower heads singular at tip of short stalk with yellow daisy flower. Flowering between August and November.
Fruit type:
Pale brown fluffy daisy head.
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Collect whole heads that are brown and fluffy or collect just the seeds by plucking it off with your fingers. Mature seeds are easily removed.
Seed cleaning:
Place the heads in a tray for a week to dry. Then pluck the seeds from the head with your finders. Viable seeds will be fat and brown. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed germination:
Seeds are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily.