Seeds of South Australia
Cyperus lhotskyanus (Cyperaceae)
Lhotsky's Flat Sedge
List of species for Cyperus
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Seed collecting:
January to March
Herbarium region:
South Eastern
NRM region:
South East
IBRA regions
Lucindale (NCP03)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Wimmera (MDD05)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Cyperus]
Name derivation:
Cyperus from the Latin 'cyperos' and derived from the Greek 'kypeiros', an ancient Greek name used by Homer and Theophrastus for several plants of this genus. Lhotskyanus name after Johan Lhotsky (1795–1866), a Galicia-born Austrian naturalist, lecturer, artist and author who was active in the early colonies of New South Wales and Tasmania from 1832 until 1838.
Found only in the lower South-east in South Australia growing in wet areas. Also found in New South Wales and Victoria.
Native. Very rare in South Australia. Rare in Victoria. Common in New South wales.
Plant description:
Slender perennial sedge with short rhizome. Stems tufted, to 60 cm high; rather slender, trigonous, finely striate, smooth, with bases non-bulbous and dull and pinkish or purple-red below but whitish above; leaves shorter than or equalling the stems, rather rigid but grass-like; flat or complicate, to 3 mm wide. Inflorescence  numerous in dense subglobular heads; brown, to 12 mm long and 4 mm wide, compressed, with 8-12-flowers, usually deciduous as a whole when ripe. Flowering between November and January.
Fruit type:
Large brown globular head.
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Collect fruits by picking off the mature heads, those turning a brown colour and come-off easily.
Seed cleaning:
Place the heads in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks. Then rub the heads with a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate any unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.