Seeds of South Australia
Daviesia brevifolia (Leguminosae)
Leafless Bitter-pea
List of species for Daviesia
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Seed collecting:
October to December
Herbarium regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Least Concern
Glenelg Plain (NCP02) 
 Least Concern
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Least Concern
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Least Concern
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Least Concern
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Least Concern
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern
Eyre Hills (EYB03)Eyre Yorke Block
 Least Concern
Talia (EYB04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [D Symon checked - Hincks]
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Near Threatened   [needs dunes; edge of range]
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)   [not ideal habitat]
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Least Concern
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range]
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic PlainRare
  (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
4 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainLeast Concern
2 of 2 subregionsKanmantooLeast Concern
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
3 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
4 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Daviesia]
Name derivation:
Daviesia named after Rev. Hugh Davies (1739-1821), a Welsh botanist and an Anglican clergyman. Brevifolia from the Latin 'brevis' meaning short and 'folium' meaning a leaf.
Distribution:
Found in the southern part of South Australia, from the southern Eyre Peninsula, Mount Lofty Ranges to the South-east, growing on coastal and inland sclerophyll woodlands often on sandy soils. Also found in Victoria.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in Victoria.
Plant description:
Broom-like shrub to 1 m high with rigid, terete and striate branchlets to 2 mm thick, glabrous. Juvenile leaves occasionally present, 2 lobed to hatchet-shaped, to 30 mm long and 10 mm wide, fleshy. Phyllodes regularly spaced, to 5 mm long, terete, pungent, oblique to branches. Inflorescences axillary with solitary or clusters of apricot to brown-red pea-flowers. Flowering between August and October.
Fruit type:
Dark brown asymmetrically triangular pod to 15 mm long and 10 mm wide, with one seed inside.
Seed type:
Orange-brown with black mottled reniform seed to 4 mm long and 2 mm wide, and a cream aril.5/3
Embryo type:
Bent.
Seed collecting:
Collect maturing brown seed pods from the plant using secateurs or by hand. Plant is prickly so it is advisable to wear gloves.
Seed cleaning:
Leave the pods in a paper bag to dry for at least a week. Rub the pods gently with a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the seeds from unwanted material. Store the dried fruit heads with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed germination:
This species has physical dormancy that needs to be overcome for the seed to germinate (e.g. nicking or softening the seed coat).