Seeds of South Australia
Daviesia leptophylla (Leguminosae)
Narrow-leaf Bitter-pea
List of species for Daviesia
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Seed collecting:
November to January
Herbarium regions:
Flinders Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
Lucindale (NCP03)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN D)   [only in Comaum FR]
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Least Concern
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU C1)   (Probable Decline)   [Spring Gully, Tothills, climate change species, very localised]
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i))
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [northern limit; restricted to Wilpena Pd,; higher rainfall relict]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Daviesia]
Name derivation:
Daviesia named after Rev. Hugh Davies (1739-1821), a Welsh botanist and an Anglican clergyman. Leptophylla from the Greek 'leptos' meaning narrow and 'phyllon' meaning a leaf; referring to the species long narrow leaves.
Distribution:
Found in the southern part of South Australia, along a line running from the Flinders Ranges to Kangaroo island, with a few records from the lower South-east. Also found in New South Wales and Victoria.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Multi-stemmed shrub to 2 m tall with ascending, glabrous and angular branches. Leaves linear-elliptic to linear-obovate, to 90 mm long and to 10 mm wide, dull yellow-green. Inflorescences in axillary clusters with orange-yellow pea-flowers. Flowering between September and November.
Fruit type:
Brown asymmetrically triangular pod to 2.5 mm long and 1.7 wide, beaked with the persistent style.
Seed type:
Orange-brown with black mottled reniform seed to 6 mm long and 4 mm wide, with a cream aril.
Embryo type:
Bent.
Seed collecting:
Collect maturing pods that are turning brown with hard seeds inside.
Seed cleaning: Leave the pods in a paper bag to dry for at least a week. Rub the pods gently with a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the seeds from unwanted material. Store the dried fruit heads with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 95%.
Seed germination:
This species has physical dormancy that needs to be overcome for the seed to germinate (e.g. nicking or softening the seed coat)
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA 
MSB
1329 (11.96 g)
1525 (13.2 g)
30-4013-Dec-2004DJD 7931-Mar-200695%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.