Seeds of South Australia
Dianella brevicaulis (Liliaceae)
Blueberry Flax-lily
List of species for Dianella
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Seed collecting:
November to February
Herbarium regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Least Concern
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Least Concern
Glenelg Plain (NCP02) 
 Least Concern
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Least Concern
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Least Concern
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Least Concern
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Least Concern   [more common along coast; undercollected]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Near Threatened   [often planted, hard to tell native from planted pops]
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Least Concern
St Vincent (EYB02) 
 Least Concern
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Least Concern
Talia (EYB04) 
 Least Concern
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Least Concern
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Least Concern   [edge of range]
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Least Concern
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range]
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range]
Arcoona Plateau (GAW04)Gawler
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Yalata (NUL03)Nullarbor
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
IBRA regions
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic PlainLeast Concern
4 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainLeast Concern
2 of 2 subregionsKanmantooLeast Concern
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty BlockNear Threatened
  [often planted, hard to tell native from planted pops]
5 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
4 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
, Rare
Arcoona Plateau (GAW04)GawlerRare
  (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Yalata (NUL03)NullarborRare
  (IUCN: RA d(ii))
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Dianella]
Name derivation:
Dianella is a diminutive of Diana, the virginal Roman goddess of hunting and the moon. The original species named was found located in the French woods, thus the hunting association. Brevicaulis from the Latin 'brevis' meaning short and 'caulis' meaning a stem, referring to the flower-spike being shorter than the foliage  only 3/4 the length)
Found along the coast of South Australia, from the Fowlers Bay to the lower South-east growing on sandy soil mainly near the coast, sometimes on exposed dunes, with inland occurrences in mallee-heath. Also found in Western Australia, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania. 
Native. Common in South Australia. Rare in New South Wales. Common in the other States.
Plant description:
Closely tufted perennial lily to 50 cm tall. Leaves to 85 cm long; not glaucous, usually dark yellow-green. Flower-spikes with spreading branches much shorter than the foliage, with 2–9 mid to dark blue or violet flowers. Stamens yellow and anthers pale brown to almost black. Flowering between October and December.
Fruit type:
Round blue berries containing numerous seeds.
Seed type:
Shiny black ovoid seeds to 4 mm long and 2 mm wide.
Embryo type:
Linear fully developed.
Seed collecting:
Pick the fruits that are soft and purple. These will have hard black seeds inside.
Seed cleaning:
It is best to clean the fruit when it is fresh. Place fruits in a bucket of water and rub the fruit gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Then use a sieve to separate unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 90%.
Seed germination:
Seeds are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
1900 (9.88 g)
1900 (9.88 g)
Southern Lofty
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.