Seeds of South Australia
Dipodium campanulatum (Orchidaceae)
Bell-flower Hyacinth Orchid
List of species for Dipodium
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Seed collecting:
February to March
Herbarium region:
South Eastern
NRM region:
South East
IBRA regions
Lucindale (NCP03)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D1)   (Probable Decline)   [stronghold for SA; herbicides, slashing, drying, weeds - threats]
Wimmera (MDD05)Murray Darling Depression
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D1)   (Probable Decline)   [herbicides, slashing, drying, weeds - threats]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Dipodium]
Name derivation:
Dipodium from the Greek 'dis' meaning twice and 'podion' meaning a small foot, referring to the two stalks of the pollen masses. Campanulatum from the Latin 'campana' meaning bell shaped; referring to the shape of the flowers.
Found in South Australia only in the south-east along the Naracoorte Range growing in stringybark, blue gum or heathy woodland on deep grey sands or limestone. Also found in south-western Victoria.
Native. Vulnerable in South Australia. Critically Endangered in Australia.
Plant description:
Terrestrial orchid growing  to 70 cm tall with up 35 bell-shaped flowers on a single green to reddish stem. Flowers are white and marked with dark red spots and blotches. It has evenly sized incurved tepals, each 15 mm long. Flowering between December and February.
Fruit type:
Brown papery ellipsoid capsule.
Seed type:
Very small seed enclosed in a long narrow mesh-like casing.
Seed collecting:
Collectplump capsules as they start to dry and turn brown. Pods will split and release the seeds quickly however and will require monitoring. To increase the chances of collecting mature pods it is recommended that a small breathable bag (ie. Organza) to be used to enclose the developing capsules.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a container that will hold fine seeds and leave to dry for a few weeks or until the capsule split. Then carefully hold the capsule and tap it gently to release the seeds. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice in an air tight container in a cool and dry place, refrigerator or liquid nitrogen.
Seed viability:
A total of 1.13g (350,000 seeds) were collected by Cath Dickson in 2016 from the Naracoorte area. The sample contained 22 scapes which included  a total of 71 pods.