Seeds of South Australia
Disphyma crassifolium ssp. clavellatum (Aizoaceae)
Rounded Pig-face
List of species for Disphyma
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Seed collecting:
January to April
Herbarium regions:
North Western, Nullarbor, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Least Concern
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Least Concern
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern   [stable habitat; used in reveg]
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [Edge of range]
Olary Spur (FLB03) 
 Least Concern   [limited suitable habitat]
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Least Concern
St Vincent (EYB02) 
 Least Concern
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Least Concern   [likes samphire, tolerates high salinity]
Talia (EYB04) 
 Least Concern   [likes samphire, tolerates high salinity]
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Least Concern   [likes samphire, tolerates high salinity]
South Olary Plain (MDD01)Murray Darling Depression
 Least Concern   [grows on edge of salt lakes]
Murray Mallee (MDD02) 
 Least Concern   [grows on edge of salt lakes]
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Least Concern   [likes salinity]
Braemer (MDD07) 
 Least Concern   [limited suitable habitat]
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)Riverina
 Least Concern   [grows on edge of salt lakes]
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Least Concern   [likes samphire, tolerates high salinity]
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02) 
 Near Threatened
Gawler Lakes (GAW03) 
 Least Concern   [likes samphire, tolerates high salinity]
Arcoona Plateau (GAW04) 
 Near Threatened
Kingoonya (GAW05) 
 Near Threatened
Roxby (GAW07) 
 Least Concern   [in lagoons & around lakes; undercollected; difficult to collect]
Commonwealth Hill (GAW08) 
 Least Concern   [in lagoons & around lakes; undercollected; difficult to collect]
Maralinga (GVD03)Great Victoria Desert
 Near Threatened
Yellabinna (GVD06) 
 Near Threatened
Nullarbor Plain (NUL02)Nullarbor
 Least Concern   [likes samphire, tolerates high salinity]
Yalata (NUL03) 
 Least Concern   [likes samphire, tolerates high salinity]
Hampton (HAM01)Hampton
 Least Concern   [likes samphire, tolerates high salinity]
Murnpeowie (STP03)Stony Plains
 Least Concern   [(no records) in lagoons & around lakes; undercollected; difficult to collect]
Everard Block (CER03)Central Ranges
 Least Concern   [in lagoons & around lakes; undercollected; difficult to collect]
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
2 of 2 subregionsKanmantooLeast Concern
4 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
5 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
4 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)RiverinaLeast Concern
  [grows on edge of salt lakes]
7 of 8 subregionsGawlerLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
2 of 4 subregionsGreat Victoria DesertNear Threatened
2 of 3 subregionsNullarborLeast Concern
Hampton (HAM01)HamptonLeast Concern
  [likes samphire, tolerates high salinity]
Murnpeowie (STP03)Stony PlainsLeast Concern
  [(no records) in lagoons & around lakes; undercollected; difficult to collect]
Everard Block (CER03)Central RangesLeast Concern
  [in lagoons & around lakes; undercollected; difficult to collect]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Disphyma]
Name derivation:
Disphyma from the Greek 'dis' meaning twice and 'phyma' meaning a tubercle, tumor; refering to the double lumps at the ovary apex. Crassifolium from the Latin 'crassus' meaning thick and 'folium' meaning a leaf; referring to the species succulent fat leaves. Clavellatum from the Latin 'clavellatus' meaning little-clubbed; referring to the shape of the fruit.
Distribution:
Found in the central part of South Australia, growing on saline soils inland and on rocky areas along the coast. Also found in Western Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Rare in Queensland. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Prostrate annual or short-lived perennial with stems to 1 m long. Leaves clustered along the stems, virtually smooth except on margins and keel, green-tinged reddish or red, to 50 mm long and 10 mm wide. Flowers daisy-like to 50 mm in diameter on long stalk to 30 mm long, purple above, white below. Flowering between October and February.
Fruit type:
Fleshy, fat red fruit to 12 mm diameter, succulent at first, becoming dry and hardened.
Embryo type:
Peripheral.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature fruits, those that are fat and turning red with brown seeds inside or those that are brown, dried and hardened.
Seed cleaning:
Break open the fruits and wash the content in water. Drain the liquid leaving behind the seeds. Place the wet seeds onto paper towels and leave to dry. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed germination:
Seeds are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily without any treatment.