Seeds of South Australia
Dodonaea bursariifolia (Sapindaceae)
Small Hop-bush
List of species for Dodonaea
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Seed collecting:
November to January
Herbarium regions:
Gairdner-Torrens, Eyre Peninsula, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Tintinara (NCP04)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Near Threatened
Fleurieu (KAN02)Kanmantoo
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [Hartley area; edge of range]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Data Deficient   [mallee sp; Gawler record - imprecise]
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Least Concern
St Vincent (EYB02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Least Concern
Talia (EYB04) 
 Least Concern
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Least Concern
South Olary Plain (MDD01)Murray Darling Depression
 Least Concern
Murray Mallee (MDD02) 
 Least Concern
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Least Concern
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)Riverina
 Near Threatened   [unusual habitat]
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range]
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Gawler Lakes (GAW03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Yellabinna (GVD06)Great Victoria Desert
 Least Concern
Yalata (NUL03)Nullarbor
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
Tintinara (NCP04)Naracoorte Coastal PlainNear Threatened
Fleurieu (KAN02)KanmantooRare
  (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [Hartley area; edge of range]
2 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockRare
, Data Deficient
5 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
3 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)RiverinaNear Threatened
  [unusual habitat]
3 of 8 subregionsGawlerRare
Yellabinna (GVD06)Great Victoria DesertLeast Concern
Yalata (NUL03)NullarborRare
  (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Dodonaea]
Name derivation:
Dodonaea named after Rembert Dodoens (1517-1585), a Flemish physician and botanist, also known under his Latinized name Rembertus Dodonaeus. Bursariifolia means having leaves like the genus Bursaria.
Distribution:
Found in the southern part of South Australia, except on Knagroo Island and the South-east, growing in semi-arid mallee scrub communities usually on sandy loams. Also found in Western Australia, New South Wales and Victoria.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Dioecious or rarely polygamo-dioecious spreading shrub, to 1.5 m high. Leaves simple, obovate or sometimes oblanceolate or oblong, to 3.5 cm long and 15 mm wide, glabrous. Flowers usually 2 or 3 together, rarely in a few-flowered terminal cyme with small yellow flower. Flowering between August and November.
Fruit type:
Yellow-red capsule with 3- rarely 4-angled, to 8.5 mm long and 8.5 mm wide, glabrous, leathery.
Seed type:
Dark brown to black ovoid seeds to 4 mm, with a noticable white aril.
Embryo type:
Folded.
Seed collecting:
Collect capsules that contain hard black seeds, usually when capsule is turning yellow-red.
Seed cleaning:
Place capsules in a tray and leave to dry for 1 to 2 weeks. Then rub the capsules by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed germination:
This species has physiological dormancy that needs to be overcome for the seed to germinate (e.g. nicking the seed coat).