Seeds of South Australia
Dodonaea viscosa ssp. spatulata (Sapindaceae)
Spoon-leaf Hop-bush
List of species for Dodonaea
Display more images
Click on an image to enlarge it
Herbarium regions:
Lake Eyre, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Least Concern
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Least Concern
Glenelg Plain (NCP02) 
 Least Concern
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Least Concern
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Least Concern
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Near Threatened
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Least Concern
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Least Concern
Olary Spur (FLB03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Least Concern
Northern Flinders (FLB05) 
 Least Concern
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [undercollected]
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Least Concern
St Vincent (EYB02) 
 Least Concern
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Least Concern
Talia (EYB04) 
 Least Concern
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Least Concern
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Near Threatened   [edge of range; restricted]
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Least Concern
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Least Concern   (Definite Increase)   [becoming a weed in bluegum woodland]
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Near Threatened
Breakaways (STP01)Stony Plains
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Oodnadatta (STP02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Witjira (STP06) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Mann-Musgrave Block (CER01)Central Ranges
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Watarru (CER02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Everard Block (CER03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Tieyon (FIN03)Finke
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic PlainLeast Concern
4 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainLeast Concern
2 of 2 subregionsKanmantooLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
6 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
5 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
4 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
3 of 7 subregionsStony PlainsRare
3 of 3 subregionsCentral RangesRare
Tieyon (FIN03)FinkeRare
  (IUCN: RA d(ii))
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Dodonaea]
Name derivation:
Dodonaea named after Rembert Dodoens (1517-1585), a Flemish physician and botanist, also known under his Latinized name Rembertus Dodonaeus. Viscosa from the Latin 'viscosus' meaning sticky; alluding to the leaves being viscous. Spatulata from the Latin 'spatula' meaning a broad paddle; referring to the shape of the leaves.
Distribution:
Found in the southern part of South Australia, growing in higher rainfall areas in a variety of habits including open-forest, open woodland and mallee shrublands. Also found in all mainland states.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Rare in Northern Territory. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Erect to spreading shrub, to 4 m high. Leaves usually obovate, sometimes spathulate, rarely elliptic, broad-acute to obtuse, sometimes obtuse or rounded with a very short abrupt point, to 7.5 cm long and 1.6 cm wide, margin entire to irregularly sinuolate or irregularly denticulate, viscous. Flowers in terminal panicles with small yellow-green flowers, sepals 3 or 4, stamens usually 8. Generally, the subspecies are readily distinguishable but many intermediates exist where two or more subspecies are sympatric. This subspecies differ from the other three subspecies found in South Australia by havinga spoon-shaped leaves similar to D. viscosa ssp. mucronata but found in the southern part of the state. Flowering between September and January.
Embryo type:
Folded.
Seed collecting:
Collect winged capsules that contain hard black seeds, usually when capsule is turning red or brown with black seeds.
Seed cleaning:
Place capsules in a tray and leave to dry for 1 to 2 weeks. Then rub the capsules by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed germination:
This species has physiological dormancy that needs to be overcome for the seed to germinate (e.g. nicking the seed coat).