Seeds of South Australia
Eclipta alatocarpa (Compositae)
Winged-fruit Twin-head
List of species for Eclipta
Click on an image to enlarge it
Seed collecting:
July to October
Herbarium regions:
North Western, Lake Eyre, Gairdner-Torrens
NRM regions:
Alinytjara Wilurara, South Australian Arid Lands
IBRA regions
Tallaringa (GVD05)Great Victoria Desert
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [undercollected]
Breakaways (STP01)Stony Plains
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [undercollected]
Macumba (STP05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [undercollected]
Baltana (STP07) 
 Near Threatened
Coongie (CHC06)Channel Country
 Near Threatened   [undercollected]
Mann-Musgrave Block (CER01)Central Ranges
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [undercollected]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Eclipta]
Name derivation:
Eclipta from the Greek 'ekleipo' meaning to be lacking, alluding to the achenes of some species which are without a pappus or wings. Alatocarpa from the Latin 'alatum' meaning winged and 'carpos' meaning fruit, referring to the species' winged seeds. 
Found in the northern part of South Australia. Also found in the Northern Territory and Queensland.
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other States.
Plant description:
Annual herb to 30 cm high with weak, ascending hairy stems. Leaves sessile in distant pairs; lanceolate, attenuate into a petiole-like base; entire, to 50 mm long and 10 mm wide; scabrous with appressed hairs. Flower-heads in opposite pairs or solitary in axil of leaves, with yellow daisy flowers. Flowering between April and August.
Fruit type:
Brown spiky, globular head.
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Collect mature seed heads that are dried and turning brown by picking off the heads. Mature seeds should come off easily.
Seed cleaning:
Place the heads in a tray for a week to dry. Then rub the heads gently with your hands or a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed germination:
Seeds are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily.