Seeds of South Australia
Acacia imbricata (Leguminosae)
Imbricate Wattle
List of species for Acacia
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Seed collecting:
November to December
Herbarium region:
Eyre Peninsula
NRM region:
Eyre Peninsula
IBRA region
Eyre Hills (EYB03)Eyre Yorke Block
 Least Concern   [sub-regionally LC but should remain RA for SA, locally endemic, prolific seeder]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Acacia]
Name derivation:
Acacia from the Greek 'akakia' and derived from 'ake' or 'akis' meaning a sharp point or thorn and 'akazo' meaning to sharpen. Dioscorides, the Greek physician and botanist used the word in the 1st century AD for the Egyptian thorn tree, Acacia arabica. Imbricata from the Latin 'imbrex' meaning covered with tiles or scales, referring to the overlapping phyllodes.
Endemic to South Australia and restricted to southern Eyre Peninsula, growing in open forest, woodland or open scrub vegetation in mainly hard acidic, neutral and sandy alkaline yellow duplex.
Native. Rare in South Australia.
Plant description:
Dense, spreading, glabrous shrubs to 2 m high with numerous thin, ascending and somewhat willowy branches marked with numerous raised leaf bases. Leaves linear-oblong to 16 mm long and 2 mm, broad, flat erect, crowded, imbricate, glabrous. Inflorescences simple and axillary, solitary or twin with globular, bright yellow flower-heads. Flowering between July and September.
Fruit type:
Long, straight or slightly curved, light brown pod.
Seed type:
Hard, dark brown to black, ovoid to elliptical seed to 5 mm long and 3 mm wide.
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Collect mature pods that are turning brown, with hard, dark seeds inside.
Seed cleaning:
Place the pods in a tray and leave to dry for 1-2 weeks or until the pods begin to split. Then rub the dried pods to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate any unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 100%.
Seed germination:
This species has physical dormancy that needs to be overcome for the seed to germinate (e.g. nicking or softening the seed coat).
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
21100 (211 g)
21500 (215 g)
>1007-Dec-2004DJD 69
Eyre Peninsula
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.