Seeds of South Australia
Eucalyptus behriana (Myrtaceae)
Broad-leaved Box
List of species for Eucalyptus
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Seed collecting:
January to December
Herbarium regions:
Flinders Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Southern Lofty, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [specialised habitat; localised]
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i))   [Needs more work. Seen at Wirrabara & Melrose]
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN C2a(i))   (Probable Decline)   [On roadsides & paddocks]
Eyre Hills (EYB03)Eyre Yorke Block
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(iii); C1)   (Probable Decline)   [limited habitat]
Lowan Mallee (MDD04)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Probable Decline)   [likes heavy clay soils; highly specialised; a lot in cleared land]
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   (Probable Decline)   [highly localised; little-no recruitment; grazed]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Eucalyptus]
Name derivation:
Eucalyptus from the Greek 'eu' meaning well and 'calyptos' meaning covered; alluding to the cap or lid which covers the stamens in the bud. Behriana named after Hermann H. Behr (1818-1904), a German-American doctor, entomologist and botanist, who collected in South Australia.
Found on southern Eyre Peninsula, southern Flinders Ranges, northern Mount Lofty Ranges and upper South-east in South Australia, growing on heavy soils in slight depressions or in gently undulating terain. New South Wales and Victoria.
Native. Rare in South Australia. Uncommon in New South Wales. Common in Victoria.
Plant description:
Single- or multi-stemmed trees to 10 m high with smooth, off-white or greenish bark above, shedding in long strips and rough and dark-grey below. Juvenile leaves opposite or alternate, elliptic to broadly ovate. Adult leaves on petioles to 25 mm long, ovate to broadly lanceolate, glossy, dark-green, to12 cm long and 5.5 cm wide. Flowers in mainly axillaw panicles. Buds sessile or on pedicels to 1.5 mm long, narrowly obovoid to cylindrical, smooth, to 6 mm long and 3.5 mm, bud-cap conical or hemispherical, shorter than the bud-base. Flowers white. Flowering between July and January. 
Fruit type:
Woody cylindrical or ovoid fruit to 5 mm long and 5 mm wide, with a narrow rim and disk, valves small, deeply enclosed.
Seed type:
Light brown ovoid seed to 1.2 mm long and 0.7 mm wide.
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Collect mature fruits that are dark and hard (difficult to break with a finger nail), with the valves un-open any time of year.
Seed cleaning:
Leave the fruits in a breathable container in a dry room for one to two weeks. This allows the valves on the fruit to open and release the seeds. Separate the seeds by placing all the materials into a bucket and shaking it to dislodge the seeds. Pass the material through a sieve to separate the unwanted material. The finer material will contain both seeds (soft) and frass (hard) usually distinguishable from each other but can be very similar in shape and colour. With finer sieves, the seeds can be separated from the frass but this is not essential for storage or propagation. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From four collections, the seed viability were high, ranging from 95% to 100%.
Seed germination:
Seeds are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
BGA10600 (2.66 g)1023-Nov-2006TST101
38500 (7.71 g)
38500 (7.71 g)
Northern Lofty
BGA24000 (4.67 g)1529-Apr-2009KHB257
South Eastern
BGA17600 (2.89 g)17-Dec-2008KHB201
Flinders Ranges
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.