Seeds of South Australia
Eucalyptus falciformis (Myrtaceae)
Western Peppermint
List of species for Eucalyptus
Click on an image to enlarge it
Herbarium region:
South Eastern
NRM region:
South East
IBRA regions
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Glenelg Plain (NCP02)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Least Concern   [should be more records]
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [localised]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Eucalyptus]
Name derivation:
Eucalyptus from the Greek 'eu' meaning well and 'calyptos' meaning covered; alluding to the cap or lid which covers the stamens in the bud. Falciformis from the Laqtin 'falcis' meaning sickle and 'forma' meaning shape, referring to the its juvenile leaves which are sickle-shape or slightly curved. 
Distribution:
Found in the lower South-east in South Australia, growing on well drained sandy soils in wetter places in woodland and heath vegetation. Also found in Victoria.
Status:
Native. Uncommon in South Australia. Common in Victoria.
Plant description:
Single or multi-stemmed tree to 14 m high with rough grey  bark to the lower stems, smooth pale grey to yellow-cream bark above. Juvenile
Fruit type:
Woody cup-shaped to short cylindrical fruit to 9 mm long and 9 mm wide, disc slightly ascending, valves 3 or 4 at rim level.
Seed type:
Dark brown to black pyramid-shaped seed to 2.5 mm long and 1.5 mm wide.
Embryo type:
Folded.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature fruits that are dark and hard (difficult to break with a finger nail), with the valves un-open any time of year.
Seed cleaning:
Leave the fruits in a breathable container in a dry room for one to two weeks. This allows the valves on the fruit to open and release the seeds. Separate the seeds by placing all the materials into a bucket and shaking it to dislodge the seeds. Pass the material through a sieve to separate the unwanted material. The finer material will contain both seeds (soft) and frass (hard) usually distinguishable from each other but can be very similar in shape and colour. With finer sieves, the seeds can be separated from the frass but this is not essential for storage or propagation. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 90%.
Seed germination:
Seeds are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA24800 (37.45 g)20+7-Jan-2009TST698
South Eastern
20-Jul-200990%-18°C
BGA24800 (37.45 g)20+7-Jan-2009TST698
South Eastern
20-Jul-200990%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.