Seeds of South Australia
Acacia nematophylla (Leguminosae)
Coast Wallowa
List of species for Acacia
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Seed collecting:
November to April
Herbarium regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke
IBRA regions
Fleurieu (KAN02)Kanmantoo
 Critically Endangered   (IUCN: CR B2ab(iii); D)   (Probable Decline)   [very restricted; remnant population]
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Least Concern   [Hybridises with A 'Winged']
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Talia (EYB04) 
 Least Concern   [good popn sizes]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Acacia]
Name derivation:
Acacia from the Greek 'akakia' and derived from 'ake' or 'akis' meaning a sharp point or thorn and 'akazo' meaning to sharpen. Dioscorides, the Greek physician and botanist used the word in the 1st century AD for the Egyptian thorn tree, Acacia arabica. Nematophylla from the Greek 'nemato' meaning thread-like and 'phyllon' meaning a leaf.
Endemic to South Australia and found on southern Eyre Peninsula and on Yorke Peninsula with a few records from the Fleurieu Peninsula.
Native. Common in South Australia.
Plant description:
Bushy glabrous shrubs to 2.5 m tall with branchlets angled at extremities.  Leaves narrowly linear to 40 mm long and 1.5 mm wide, ascending to erect; straight or shallowly curved, slightly hooked; flat or cylindrical, glabrous, grey-green, 4-veined with midrib impressed or raised. Flower-spike of solitary globular yellow flower-heads. Flowering in all months except June, with a peak in summer.
Fruit type:
Brown, linear pod to 11 cm long and 6 mm wide, surface raised over seeds and slightly constricted between them, glabrous.
Seed type:
Hard black ellipsoid to ovoid seed to 6 mm along and 4 mm wide.
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Collect mature pods that are turning brown, with hard, dark seeds inside.
Seed cleaning:
Place the pods in a tray and leave to dry for 1-2 weeks or until the pods begin to split. Then rub the dried pods to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate any unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 100%.
Seed germination:
This species has physical dormancy that needs to be overcome for the seed to germinate (e.g. nicking or softening the seed coat).
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
11150 (196.5 g)
11150 (196.5 g)
Yorke Peninsula
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.