Seeds of South Australia
Ficus brachypoda (Moraceae)
Native Fig
List of species for Ficus
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Seed collecting:
January to December
Herbarium region:
North Western
NRM region:
Alinytjara Wilurara
IBRA regions
Kintore (GVD04)Great Victoria Desert
 Least Concern   [lives on rocks]
Breakaways (STP01)Stony Plains
 Least Concern   [lives on rocks]
Mann-Musgrave Block (CER01)Central Ranges
 Least Concern   [lives on rocks]
Watarru (CER02) 
 Least Concern   [lives on rocks]
Everard Block (CER03) 
 Least Concern   [lives on rocks]
Tieyon (FIN03)Finke
 Least Concern   [lives on rocks]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Ficus]
Name derivation:
Ficus from Latin for the fig tree and its fruit. Brachypoda from the Greek 'brachys' meaning short and 'podus' meaning foot or stem, stalk; referring to the fruit with very short pedicle.
Found in the in the north-western part of South Australia, growing on rocky outcrops near water. Also found in Western Australia, Northern Territory and Queensland.
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the others states.
Plant description:
Shrub or small tree to 5 m high, often with several-stems and sprawling among rocks. Leaves eventually glabrous, lanceolate to ovate, to 100 mm long and 25 mm wide, rigid, dark and glossy, with many transverse parallel nerves and a broad thick stalk to 20 mm long. Flowers are in the centre of what is considered the fruit. Female flowers with 4 or 5 reddish-brown concave ciliolate perianth-segments about as along as the ovary, stigma 1, linear, longer than the style proper, receptacle almost sessile, axillary, globular, smooth, closed at the summit by a small thick umbonate cap. Flowering at all time of year.
Fruit type:
Large, orange to dark red, round fleshy fruit.
Seed type:
Red brown ellipsoid see to 2 mm long and 1.2 mm wide.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature fruits, those turning orange or red.
Seed cleaning:
Place the fruit in a bucket of water and rub the flesh off with your hands. Drain the water and wash again if required to remove all the flesh. Then spread the wet seeds on some paper towel and leave to dry. Be very careful as the seeds are very small. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 80%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
BGA210300 (77.81 g)29-Oct-2013TST1183
North Western
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.
Germination table:
DateResultT0T50Pre-treatment | Germination medium | Incubator: Photoperiod / Thermoperiod
Jul-148%14 dNA leached in water 48 h, 500 mg/L gibberellic acid 48 h;
1% agar;
Incubated under spring/autumn conditions
Jul-142%60 dNA
1% agar;
Incubated under spring/autumn conditions
Jul-142%21 dNA leached in water 48 h;
1% agar;
Incubated under spring/autumn conditions
Result: Maximum percentage of germination observed.
T0: Number of days before first germinant observed.
T50: Number of days to achieve 50% germination.
Pre-treatment: The initial treatment that the seeds received prior to placement on germination media.
Germination medium: The substrate that seeds were placed on for the duration of the germination experiment.
Incubator conditions:
Photoperiod: The duration of light exposure that the seeds were subject to during a 24 hour period.
Thermoperiod: The constant or diurnal temperatures that seeds were subject to during a 24 hour period.
Winter conditions: 15°C 20 h (3am→11pm); 5°C 4 h (11pm→3am) / 10 h light (8am→6pm); 14 h dark (6pm→8am)
Spring/Autumn conditions: 22°C 12 h (8am→8pm); 10°C 12 h (8pm→8am) / 12 h light (8am→8pm); 12 h dark (8pm→8am)
Summer conditions: 30°C 14 h (6am→8pm); 15°C 10 h (8pm→6am) / 14 h light (6am→8pm); 10 h dark (8pm→6am)