Seeds of South Australia
Frankenia pauciflora var. fruticulosa (Frankeniaceae)
Shrubby Sea-heath
List of species for Frankenia
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Seed collecting:
January to December
Herbarium regions:
Lake Eyre, Nullarbor, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands
IBRA regions
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Least Concern   [Baudins Rocks]
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Near Threatened   [tolerates salinity; lacking information]
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Least Concern
St Vincent (EYB02) 
 Least Concern
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Least Concern
Talia (EYB04) 
 Least Concern
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Least Concern
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03)Murray Darling Depression
 Least Concern
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Gawler Lakes (GAW03) 
 Least Concern   [undercollected]
Arcoona Plateau (GAW04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Yellabinna (GVD06)Great Victoria Desert
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Nullarbor Plain (NUL02)Nullarbor
 Least Concern
Yalata (NUL03) 
 Least Concern
Hampton (HAM01)Hampton
 Least Concern
IBRA regions
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal PlainLeast Concern
  [Baudins Rocks]
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)KanmantooNear Threatened
  [tolerates salinity; lacking information]
5 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03)Murray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
4 of 8 subregionsGawlerLeast Concern
, Rare
Yellabinna (GVD06)Great Victoria DesertRare
  (IUCN: RA d(ii))
2 of 3 subregionsNullarborLeast Concern
Hampton (HAM01)HamptonLeast Concern
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Frankenia]
Name derivation:
Frankenia named after Johan Frankenius (1590-1661), a Swedish botanist. Pauciflora from the Latin 'paucus' meaning few and 'florus' meaning flowers, referring to the small number of flowers produced by the species. Fruticulosa from the Latin 'frutex' meaning a shrub, referring to the shrubby habit of this variety.
Endemic to South Australia and found scattered across central South Australia, primarily along the coast, growing on the margins of saltmarsh and salt lakes.
Native. Common in South Australia.
Plant description:
A small, shrubby perennial to 90 cm high. Leaves to 13 mm long and 1.5 mm wide, usually narrowly oblong or elliptic to linear, rarely ovate or elliptic; mid-vein broad, flat, very prominent. Inflorescence a terminal or axillary cluster bearing 2-25 flowers; petals 5, rarely 4, spathulate to 10.5 mm long, white. Flowers throughout the year. The variety differs from the other variety found in South Australia by having longer but narrower leaf ratio of 4:1 or less (5:1 or greater in F. pauciflora var. gunnii), mid-vein broad, flat, very prominent (mid-vein  inconspicuous in F. pauciflora var. gunnii) and 6-13 ovules (7-18 in in F. pauciflora var. gunnii).
Fruit type:
Small brown cylindrical capsule.
Embryo type:
Spatulate, fully developed.
Seed collecting:
Look at the tip of branches for dried flower heads. Collect the heads that are cylindrical, brown, slightly fat at the base. This should contain small ovoid seed.
Seed cleaning:
Place the flower heads in a tray and leave to dry for at least a week. Then rub the dried heads gently to dislodge the seeds. Use a fine sieve to separate the seeds from the unwanted material. Be careful as the seeds are very small. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.