Seeds of South Australia
Geranium dissectum (Geraniaceae)
Cut-leaf Crane's-bill
List of species for Geranium
Click on an image to enlarge it
Seed collecting:
November to February
Herbarium region:
Southern Lofty
NRM region:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Geranium]
Name derivation:
Geranium from the Greek 'geranos' meaning a crane; alluding to the fruit resembling the head and beak of this bird. Dissectum from the Greek 'dis' prefix meaning two and the Latin 'sectus' meaning cleft; referring to its 5 parted leaves which are again divided into segments.
Distribution:
Native to Northern Africa, Europe and Asia, it has been collected from the southern Mount Lofty Ranges in South Australia, growing in disturbed land, cultivated or waste places on a wide variety of soil types. Also found in Western Australia, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.
Status:
Introduced. Uncommon in South Australia. Uncommon in Western Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Hairy annual herb to 40 cm long with erect to ascending, and pubescent stems. Leaves alternate to 18 cm long and densely pubescent, leaf blades pubescent, palmately lobed into 5-7 divided, linear lobes with minute reddish tip. Inflorescence in pairs with deep pink to purplish flowers covered in glandular-hairy. Flowering between August to December.
Fruit type:
Brown fruit to 13 mm long with 5 hairy mericarps.
Seed type:
Small pale-brown globular and very distinctly broad-pitted seed in the balloon part of the mericarp.
Seed collecting:
Collect matured fruit, those that are turning brown and the mericarps are starting to curl and peeling off the fruit stalk.
Seed cleaning:
Place the mericarps in a tray and leave to dry fro 1 to 2 weeks. If only the mericarps are collected, no further cleaning is required and it can be stored as is. Alternatively, you can clean to seed by gently rubber the mericarps with a rubber bung, then use a sieve to separate unwanted material. Store the mericarps/seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.