Seeds of South Australia
Geranium solanderi (Geraniaceae)
Australian Crane's-bill
List of species for Geranium
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Seed collecting:
October to February
Herbarium regions:
Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Least Concern
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Least Concern
Glenelg Plain (NCP02) 
 Least Concern
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Least Concern
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Least Concern
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Near Threatened   [taxonomic issues]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Least Concern   [taxonomic issues]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern   [taxonomic issues]
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Least Concern
Olary Spur (FLB03) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [goats, climate change]
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Least Concern
Northern Flinders (FLB05) 
 Near Threatened   [in rock crevices]
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Near Threatened   [in rock crevices]
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)
St Vincent (EYB02) 
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN B2ab(ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Talia (EYB04) 
 Least Concern
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Least Concern
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range]
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Least Concern
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Near Threatened
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Least Concern
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02) 
 Least Concern
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic PlainLeast Concern
4 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainLeast Concern
2 of 2 subregionsKanmantooLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
6 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Vulnerable
5 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
, Vulnerable
, Endangered
4 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
2 of 8 subregionsGawlerLeast Concern
, Rare
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Geranium]
Name derivation:
Geranium from the Greek 'geranos' meaning a crane; alluding to the fruit resembling the head and beak of this bird. Solanderi named after Daniel Carlsson Solander (1733-1782), a Swedish-born naturalist, apostle of Carl Linnaeus and explorer and plant collector on the Cook voyages.
Distribution:
Found in the southern part of South Australia, growing in damp to dryish areas, usually sheltered sites in grassy woodlands, along drainage lines or in seepage areas. Also found in all states except in the Northern Territory.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Decumbent to ascending herbs with a swollen turnip-shaped tap root with stems to 60 cm long, covered with hairs. Leaves opposite, hemi-orbicular to reniform in outline, to 3 cm long and 5 cm wide, with hairs on both surfaces, 5-7-lobed, each lobe deeply 5-7-toothed. Flowers usually paired pink petals. Flowering between August and December.
Fruit type:
Brown fruit to 15 mm long with 5 hairy mericarps.
Seed type:
Black globular and pitted seed in the balloon part of the mericarp.
Seed collecting:
Collect matured fruit, those that are turning brown and the mericarps are starting to curl and peeling off the fruit stalk.
Seed cleaning:
Place the mericarps in a tray and leave to dry fro 1 to 2 weeks. If only the mericarps are collected, no further cleaning is required and it can be stored as is. Alternatively, you can clean to seed by gently rubber the mericarps with a rubber bung, then use a sieve to separate unwanted material. Store the mericarps/seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.