Seeds of South Australia
Gleichenia microphylla (Gleicheniaceae)
Scrambling Coral-fern
List of species for Gleichenia
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Herbarium regions:
Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Kangaroo Island, South East
IBRA regions
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [water-dependent; could decline in drought]
Glenelg Plain (NCP02)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [water-dependent; could decline in drought]
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [roadworks, plantations, pigs - threats]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Near Threatened   [localised; weeds a threat]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [localised; weeds a threat]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Gleichenia]
Name derivation:
Gleichenia named after Wilhelm Friedrich von Gleichen-Russwurm (1717–1783), a German biologist, director of Berlin Botanic Gardens who developed a process of staining micro-organisms with indigo and carmine. Microphylla from the Greek 'micros' meaning small and 'phyllon' meaning leaf; referring to its fronds with small lobes (pinnules). 
Distribution:
Found southern Mount Lofty and the lower South n South Australia, growing in sunny damp sites around swamps and at bases of cliffs in open forest. Also found in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.
Status:
Native. Rare in South Australia. Rare in Queensland. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Scrambling fern forming dense thickets with long-creeping rhizome. Stem (achis) of major branches with numerous and conspicuous bundles of short, shiny, amber to dark brown bristles. Frond segment to 6 cm long with lobes (pinnules) oblong-triangular, blunt, lower surface flat or slightly concave, to 3 mm long, glabrous at maturity or covered in red-brown bristles when young.
Fruit type:
Sori (spores sack) with 2–4 sporangia grouped together on the underside margins of the fronds between the lobes.
Seed type:
Shiny, bright yellow to yellow-brown sporangia with very fine spores.
Seed collecting:
Look under the fronds and collect ones with shiny, bright yellow to yellow-brown sporangia and place in a seal paper bags to prevent spores from fulling out.
Seed cleaning:
Leave fronds in the paper bag to dry. The spores will fall off naturally or give the fronds a gentle shake. Use a very fine sieve to separate any unwanted material. Be careful as the spores are very fine. Store spores in an air tight container in a cool and dry place or in a -20oC freezer.
Seed germination:
Spores are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily.