Seeds of South Australia
Gleichenia microphylla (Gleicheniaceae)
Scrambling Coral-fern
List of species for Gleichenia
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Herbarium regions:
Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Kangaroo Island, South East
IBRA regions
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [water-dependent; could decline in drought]
Glenelg Plain (NCP02)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [water-dependent; could decline in drought]
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [roadworks, plantations, pigs - threats]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Near Threatened   [localised; weeds a threat]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [localised; weeds a threat]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Gleichenia]
Name derivation:
Gleichenia named after Wilhelm Friedrich von Gleichen-Russwurm (1717–1783), a German biologist, director of Berlin Botanic Gardens who developed a process of staining micro-organisms with indigo and carmine. Microphylla from the Greek 'micros' meaning small and 'phyllon' meaning leaf; referring to its fronds with small lobes (pinnules). 
Found southern Mount Lofty and the lower South n South Australia, growing in sunny damp sites around swamps and at bases of cliffs in open forest. Also found in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.
Native. Rare in South Australia. Rare in Queensland. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Scrambling fern forming dense thickets with long-creeping rhizome. Stem (achis) of major branches with numerous and conspicuous bundles of short, shiny, amber to dark brown bristles. Frond segment to 6 cm long with lobes (pinnules) oblong-triangular, blunt, lower surface flat or slightly concave, to 3 mm long, glabrous at maturity or covered in red-brown bristles when young.
Fruit type:
Sori (spores sack) with 2–4 sporangia grouped together on the underside margins of the fronds between the lobes.
Seed type:
Shiny, bright yellow to yellow-brown sporangia with very fine spores.
Seed collecting:
Look under the fronds and collect ones with shiny, bright yellow to yellow-brown sporangia and place in a seal paper bags to prevent spores from fulling out.
Seed cleaning:
Leave fronds in the paper bag to dry. The spores will fall off naturally or give the fronds a gentle shake. Use a very fine sieve to separate any unwanted material. Be careful as the spores are very fine. Store spores in an air tight container in a cool and dry place or in a -20oC freezer.
Seed germination:
Spores are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily.