Seeds of South Australia
Glischrocaryon behrii (Haloragaceae)
Golden Pennants
List of species for Glischrocaryon
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Seed collecting:
October to December
Herbarium regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range]
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Near Threatened   [edge of range]
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Least Concern
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Least Concern
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Near Threatened
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Near Threatened
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [habitat under threat]
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)
St Vincent (EYB02) 
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [habitat under threat]
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Least Concern
Talia (EYB04) 
 Least Concern
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Least Concern
South Olary Plain (MDD01)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [limited habitat]
Murray Mallee (MDD02) 
 Least Concern
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)   [edge of range]
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Least Concern
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Yellabinna (GVD06)Great Victoria Desert
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Yalata (NUL03)Nullarbor
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
3 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
2 of 2 subregionsKanmantooLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
2 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockNear Threatened
, Vulnerable
5 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
, Endangered
4 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
, Rare
Myall Plains (GAW01)GawlerRare
  (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Yellabinna (GVD06)Great Victoria DesertRare
  (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Yalata (NUL03)NullarborRare
  (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Glischrocaryon]
Name derivation:
Glischrocaryon from the Greek 'glischros' meaning gluey, clammy, slippery and 'caryon' meaning a nut, referring erroneously to the genus having succulent fruit when it was thought to belong to the Family Santalaceae, several species of which do have succulent fruits. Behrii named after Hermann H. Behr (1818-1904), a German-American doctor, entomologist and botanist, who collected in South Australia.
Distribution:
Found in southern  South Australia from the Eyre Peninsula to the upper South-east growing in mallee communities on deep sandy soils. Also found in New South Wales and Victoria.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Rare in New South Wales. Common in Victoria.
Plant description:
Erect, perennial herb to 50 cm high, with numerous stems to 2 mm diameter, often becoming almost leafless. Leaves terete to linear or narrow-lanceolate to 25 mm long and 2 mm wide, often deciduous. Inflorescence ln terminal clusters with 7-63 yellow flowers. Flowering between August and October.
Fruit type:
Yellow or reddish papery obovate fruit to 10 mm long with two wings.
Seed type:
Reddish-brown semi-flat ovoid seed to 3 mm long and 1.5 mm wide.
Seed collecting:
Collect fruit that has developed wings and the seed in the middle is hard.
Seed cleaning:
Place the fruit in a tray and leave to dry for a week or two. Seeds can be stored with the wings or you can rub the dried fruit with a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate any unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was low, at 35%.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA 
MSB
4900 (9.55 g)
4900 (9.55 g)
100+30-Nov-2005DJD265
South Eastern
1-Aug-200635%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.