Seeds of South Australia
Glycine latrobeana (Leguminosae)
Clover Glycine
List of species for Glycine
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Seed collecting:
November to January
Herbarium regions:
Northern Lofty, Southern Lofty, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, South East
IBRA regions
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D1+2)
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [not ideal habitat]
Glenelg Plain (NCP02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)
Fleurieu (KAN02)Kanmantoo
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Critically Endangered   (IUCN: CR B2ab(iii))   (Probable Decline)   [high rainfall requirement highly vulnerable to disturbance]
Lowan Mallee (MDD04)Murray Darling Depression
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D1+2)   [very limited habitat; needs fresh water]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Glycine]
Name derivation:
Glycine from the Greek 'glykys' meaning sweet; referring to the sweet roots and leaves of some species of the Glycine (soybean) genus. Latrobeana named after Charles La Trobe (1801-1875), superintendent of the Port Phillip District of New South Wales and the first Lieutenant-Governor of Victoria in 1851.
Found in the southern Flinders Ranges, southern Mount Lofty Ranges and the South-east in South Australia, growing in grasslands and grassy woodlands on heavy soils. Also found in Victoria and Tasmania.
Native. Rare in South Australia. Rare in the other states.
Plant description:
Decumbent or ascending herb with hairy, short, non-stoloniferous stems. Leaves palmately trifoliolate, dimorphic, leaflets sessile to subsessile, upper surface glabrous; lower surface silky, mature leaves obovate to more or less orbicular, to 20 mm long and 12 mm wide, thin, apices obtuse to retuse, cuneate, Immature leaves elliptic. Inflorescence a raceme with 3-8 deep purple pea-flowers. Flowering between September and December.
Fruit type:
Dark brown to black hairy, linear-lanceolate pod to 25 mm long and 5 mm wide.
Seed type:
Brown ovoid seed to 3 mm long and 2.5 mm wide, with a wrinkled surface.
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
The pods of this pea change colour from pale green to a dark brown when mature. The seed pods twist and burst apart expelling the seeds when fully ripe so timing of seed collections is important. Monitor fruits closely, bag maturing fruits or place groundsheets under plants to catch seeds . Alternatively, the pods can be harvested close to maturity (when they turn brown) and fully dried in a warm area.
Seed cleaning:
Place the pods in a tray and cover with paper to prevent seeds popping out and leave to dry for a week. Then rub the dried pods to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate any unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 90%.
Seed germination:
This species has physical dormancy that needs to be overcome for the seed to germinate (e.g. nicking or softening the seed coat).
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
BGA38 (0.35 g)26-Jan-2005DJD 101
Southern Lofty
insuff seed
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.