Seeds of South Australia
Glycine rubiginosa (Leguminosae)
Twining Glycine
List of species for Glycine
Display more images
Click on an image to enlarge it
Herbarium regions:
North Western, Nullarbor, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN D)   [R Bates: could be only 5 plants]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Near Threatened
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Least Concern
Olary Spur (FLB03) 
 Least Concern
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Least Concern
Northern Flinders (FLB05) 
 Least Concern
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Least Concern
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   (Probable Decline)
St Vincent (EYB02) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   (Probable Decline)   [loves Triodia]
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Least Concern
Talia (EYB04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Near Threatened   [edge of range; lack of survey records]
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)   [edge of range]
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)Riverina
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [ID questionable]
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Least Concern
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02) 
 Least Concern
Gawler Lakes (GAW03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Arcoona Plateau (GAW04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Nullarbor Plain (NUL02)Nullarbor
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Probable Decline)
Bimbowrie (BHC05)Broken Hill Complex
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Mann-Musgrave Block (CER01)Central Ranges
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [needs winter rainfall]
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
2 of 2 subregionsKanmantooNear Threatened
, Endangered
6 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
5 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
, Vulnerable
2 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionNear Threatened
, Rare
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)RiverinaRare
  (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [ID questionable]
4 of 8 subregionsGawlerLeast Concern
, Rare
Nullarbor Plain (NUL02)NullarborRare
  (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Probable Decline)
Bimbowrie (BHC05)Broken Hill ComplexRare
  (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Mann-Musgrave Block (CER01)Central RangesRare
  (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [needs winter rainfall]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Glycine]
Name derivation:
Greek 'glyceros' sweet and Latin 'rubiginosus' rusty.
Distribution:
Found in grasslands and grassy woodlands in all regions except for on Kangaroo Island.
Plant description:
Perennial climbing herb. Leaves digitately 3-foliolate, leaflets sessile or subsessile, commonly oblong-lanceolate, but occasionally elliptic to broadly elliptic or linear, 6-40mm long x 2-10 mm wide. Inflorecence a raceme to 12cm long, flowers 6-7cm long, mauve to purple. Flowering July-November.
Fruit type:
Pod linear to short-oblong, compressed, 12-30mm long x 3-4 mm wide, margins slightly thickened, sparsely hirsute to glabrate, 4-8-seeded.
Seed type:
Seed ovoid to suborbicular, 1.5 x 1-1.2 mm, olive-black with dark stripes to a dark brownish-red, smooth or muriculate; aril an erect membranous scale-like straw-coloured flap.
Embryo type:
Bent
Seed germination:
Germination 100%, seed scarified (chipped with scalpel), on 1% w/v agar, 8/16 dark/light, 15C/30C. See http://data.kew.org/sid
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
Number
of plants
Date
collected
Collection number
Collection location
Date
stored
% ViabilityStorage
temperature
BGA2100 (8.1 g)50+2-Dec-2010Kanmantoo
Murray
1-Jan-201290%-18°C
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.
Germination table:
DateResultT0T50Pre-treatment | Germination medium | Incubator: Photoperiod / Thermoperiod
April 2011100%6d6d Seed coat nicked
70mm glass petri dishes on 1% w/v agar
Incubated under spring/autumn conditions
Result: Maximum percentage of germination observed.
T0: Number of days before first germinant observed.
T50: Number of days to achieve 50% germination.
Pre-treatment: The initial treatment that the seeds received prior to placement on germination media.
Germination medium: The substrate that seeds were placed on for the duration of the germination experiment.
Incubator conditions:
Photoperiod: The duration of light exposure that the seeds were subject to during a 24 hour period.
Thermoperiod: The constant or diurnal temperatures that seeds were subject to during a 24 hour period.
Winter conditions: 15°C 20 h (3am→11pm); 5°C 4 h (11pm→3am) / 10 h light (8am→6pm); 14 h dark (6pm→8am)
Spring/Autumn conditions: 22°C 12 h (8am→8pm); 10°C 12 h (8pm→8am) / 12 h light (8am→8pm); 12 h dark (8pm→8am)
Summer conditions: 30°C 14 h (6am→8pm); 15°C 10 h (8pm→6am) / 14 h light (6am→8pm); 10 h dark (8pm→6am)