Seeds of South Australia
Glycyrrhiza acanthocarpa (Leguminosae)
Southern Liquorice
List of species for Glycyrrhiza
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Herbarium regions:
Lake Eyre, Gairdner-Torrens, Eastern, Northern Lofty, Murray, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
Tintinara (NCP04)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [Poocher Swamp; needs water, tolerates disturbance]
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Probable Decline)   [restricted habitat]
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [not typical habitat; needs water, tolerates disturbance]
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)Riverina
 Near Threatened   (Probable Decline)   [resilient spp; habitat vulnerable]
Roxby (GAW07)Gawler
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Commonwealth Hill (GAW08) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Strzelecki Desert (SSD05)Simpson Strzelecki Dunefields
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [lack of information]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Glycyrrhiza]
Name derivation:
Greek 'glykys' sweet, 'rhiza' root and 'acantha' thorn, 'carpos' fruit
Found on heavy soils prone to flooding
Plant description:
Erect, sticky undershrub to 1m, almost glabrous. Leaves 2–8 cm long; leaflets 9–13, linear to elliptic or obovate, 15–20 mm long; 2–8 mm wide. Infloresence a spike-like raceme, exceeding the leaves, 5–8 mm long, corolla whitish blue to purple. Flowering September - December or January - February.
Fruit type:
Pod sessile, ovoid-compressed, 5-6 mm long, covered with hard straight or hooked prickles, not dehiscent or if so then quite late, rusty-coloured
Seed type:
Seeds reniform, to 3mm long, green mottled black, nearly filling the cavity
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
BGA4890 (41.78 g)506-Dec-2006RJB70338
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.