Seeds of South Australia
Gonocarpus elatus (Haloragaceae)
Tall Raspwort
List of species for Gonocarpus
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Seed collecting:
December to February
Herbarium regions:
Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Southern Lofty, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
SUMMARY
Tintinara (NCP04)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [rocky hill spp. ? Query id]
Fleurieu (KAN02)Kanmantoo
 Least Concern
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Least Concern
Olary Spur (FLB03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Probable Decline)   [goats]
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Least Concern
Northern Flinders (FLB05) 
 Least Concern
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Least Concern
St Vincent (EYB02)Eyre Yorke Block
 Least Concern
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Least Concern
Talia (EYB04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Probable Decline)   [grazed]
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Least Concern
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range; needs rocky hills]
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Least Concern
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02) 
 Least Concern
Yellabinna (GVD06)Great Victoria Desert
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Probable Decline)   [grazed]
Bimbowrie (BHC05)Broken Hill Complex
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Probable Decline)   [goats]
IBRA regions
DISPLAY ALL
Tintinara (NCP04)Naracoorte Coastal PlainRare
  (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [rocky hill spp. ? Query id]
Fleurieu (KAN02)KanmantooLeast Concern
6 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
4 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling DepressionRare
  (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range; needs rocky hills]
2 of 8 subregionsGawlerLeast Concern
Yellabinna (GVD06)Great Victoria DesertRare
  (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Probable Decline)   [grazed]
Bimbowrie (BHC05)Broken Hill ComplexRare
  (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Probable Decline)   [goats]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Gonocarpus]
Name derivation:
Gonocarpus from the Greek 'gonia' meaning angle, corner and 'carpos' meaning fruit; referring to its ribbed fruits. Elatus from Latin meaning tall; referring to its tall stature compared to the other species. 
Distribution:
Found on the northern Eyre Peninsula, Flinders Ranges, Olary Ranges, Mount Lofty Ranges and the upper South-east in South Australia, growing on dry, rocky hillsides and rock outcrops. Also found in Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Erect or ascending perennial herb to 35 cm tall with weakly 4- or 5-ribbed stems covered in dense soft spreading hairs. Leaves sessile, alternate, linear-lanceolate to ovate, to 40 mm long and 8 mm wide, densely hairy, entire or toothed in the top half. Inflorescence a leafy-spike at terminal of stems with 4 to numerous reddish-brown flowers. Flowering between October and December.
Fruit type:
Small grey-black globose fruit to 1.5 mm long, hairy with a tuberculate surface.
Seed type:
Considered the same as the fruit.
Seed collecting:
Collect maturing fruits, those that are fat and turning black, by running your hands along the fruit-spikes.
Seed cleaning:
Place the fruit in a tray and leave to dry for 1 to 2 weeks. No further cleaning is required if only fruits were collected. If collected with other material, use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.