Seeds of South Australia
Goodenia vilmoriniae (Goodeniaceae)
Purple Hand-flower
List of species for Goodenia
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Seed collecting:
March to October
Herbarium region:
North Western
NRM region:
Alinytjara Wilurara
IBRA region
Mann-Musgrave Block (CER01)Central Ranges
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of southern range, NT spp]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Goodenia]
Name derivation:
Goodenia named after Samuel Goodenough (1743-1827), an Bishop of Carlisle, an amateur botanist and collector and vice-president of the Royal Society. Vilmoriniae named by Mueller after Lady Vilmorin (Speciem ornavi nomine Dominae Vilmorin, Lutetiane, horticulturae nec non literarum phytologicarum fautricis praedignae)
Distribution:
Found in the far north-western corner of South Australia, growing on rocky or gravelly ranges, hills or rises, sandplains, and along intermittent watercourses on red sand. Also found in Western Australia, Northern Territory and Queensland.
Status:
Native. Rare in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Rosette-forming annual or short-lived perennial herb, covered in sparse to dense hairs and with spreading or erect flowering stems to 40 cm high. Leaves basal and alternate up the stems, sessile, linear-oblong to elliptic, lanceolate or oblanceolate, to 125 mm long and 23 mm wide, entire or with toothed margins. Inflorescence in a terminal raceme or umbellate group, bracts linear and leaf-like, bracteoles absent. Flowers pale-blue to lilac with a yellow throat. Corolla with marginal wings. Flowering possibly throughout the year depending on rainfalls. 
Fruit type:
Hairy compressed globular capsule to 11 mm long and 9 mm wide.
Seed type:
Flat, dark brown ovoid seed to 4.5 mm long and 3 mm wide with a pale prominent wing.
Embryo type:
Spatulate.
Seed collecting:
Collect capsules that are maturing, turning brown, easily split open and with pale brown seeds inside.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for a week. Then rub the capsules with your hands to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Be careful as the seeds are very fine. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.