Seeds of South Australia
Grammosolen dixonii (Solanaceae)
Woolly Ray-flower
List of species for Grammosolen
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Seed collecting:
November to April
Herbarium regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula
NRM regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin
IBRA regions
St Vincent (EYB02)Eyre Yorke Block
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Least Concern   [likes disturbance]
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Least Concern   [likes disturbance]
South Olary Plain (MDD01)Murray Darling Depression
 Least Concern
Murray Mallee (MDD02) 
 Near Threatened   [restricted area]
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)Riverina
 Rare   (IUCN: RA b)   (Probable Decline)   [not typical habitat]
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [fluctuates]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Grammosolen]
Name derivation:
Grammosolen from the Greek 'gramme' meaning a line or stroke of a pen and 'solen' meaning a pipe, alluding to the striated corolla tube. Dixonii named after Samuel Dixon (1841-1927), a naturalist and early environmentalist in South Australia and the collector of the type specimen.
Endemic to South Australia and found on the north-eastern Eyre Peninsyla, northern Yorke Peninsula and the Murray region on deep sandy soils, often in disturbed mallee-spinifex associations.
Native. Common in South Australia.
Plant description:
Erect, spreading or sprawling shrub to 2 m high and 5 m diameter covered in greyish woolly hairs. Leaves ovate-triangular to subcordate, to 20 mm long and 17 mm wide, densely hairy, entire to undulate. Inflorescence sometimes forming leafy spikes with 1–3 dull-white flowers with purple striations in the throat. Flowering between August and January.
Fruit type:
Brown subglobular capsule to 4.5 mm long.
Embryo type:
Linear fully developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect capsules that are maturing, fat, turning a straw colour and contain hard brown seeds inside. Monitor the plants as the capsules will dry, split and disperse the seeds in a short space of time.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks. Then rub the capsules gently by hand or with a rubber bung to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.