Seeds of South Australia
Hakea ednieana (Proteaceae)
Flinders Range Hakea
List of species for Hakea
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Seed collecting:
December to March
Herbarium regions:
Lake Eyre, Flinders Ranges, Eastern
NRM regions:
Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands
IBRA regions
Southern Flinders (FLB04)Flinders Lofty Block
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN D)   [edge of range, recruitment an issue with goat grazing]
Northern Flinders (FLB05) 
 Least Concern
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Least Concern
Murnpeowie (STP03)Stony Plains
 Near Threatened   [edge of range]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Hakea]
Name derivation:
Hakea named after Baron Christian Ludwig von Hake (1745-1818), a German horticulturalist and patron of botany. Ednieana named after John Ednie Brown (1848-1899), a Scottish born sylviculturist, conservator of forests in South Australia and author of Forest Flora of South Australia.
Found in the Flinders Ranges in South Australia, growing on rocky cliff faces and in creek lines. Also a disjunct occurrence on Floods Creek Station in north-western New South Wales.
Native. Common in South Australia. Rare in New South Wales.
Plant description:
Shrub or small tree to 5 m high with furrowed brown bark and white hairy branches and leaves. Leaves compound, to 7 cm long, terete, sometimes obscurely grooved below, white hairs, divided many times with a pungent tip. Inflorescence a spike with 35–100 white flowers. Flowering between September to December.
Fruit type:
Red brown woody narrow ovoid fruit to 28 mm long, often pubescent. Fruit split into two to reveal two seeds.
Seed type:
Brown ovoid seed to 8 mm long and 5 mm wide (25 mm long and 7 mm wide including the wing that extend narrowly down both sides of seed).
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Collect mature woody fruit that are brown and not split. These will contain seeds.
Seed cleaning:
Place the woody fruit in a tray and leave to dry until it split open. Place the dried fruit in a bucket and shake to dislodge the seeds from the valves. Separate the seeds from the fruit and store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was average, at 75%.
Seed germination:
Seeds are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily without pre-treatment.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
BGA2600 (52.06 g)1511-Feb-2011KHB559
Flinders Ranges
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.