Seeds of South Australia
Hakea rostrata (Proteaceae)
Beaked Hakea
List of species for Hakea
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Seed collecting:
January to December
Herbarium regions:
Northern Lofty, Murray, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Near Threatened   [(no records) T Horn - Mt Burr, Mt McIntyre Ranges]
Bridgewater (NCP01)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Least Concern
Glenelg Plain (NCP02) 
 Least Concern   [in Marshes & Honans]
Lucindale (NCP03) 
 Least Concern
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Least Concern
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Least Concern
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Least Concern
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range, very disjunct location]
Murray Mallee (MDD02)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   (Probable Decline)   [edge of range]
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range]
Lowan Mallee (MDD04) 
 Least Concern
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Near Threatened
IBRA regions
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic PlainNear Threatened
  [(no records) T Horn - Mt Burr, Mt McIntyre Ranges]
4 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainLeast Concern
2 of 2 subregionsKanmantooLeast Concern
2 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
4 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Hakea]
Name derivation:
Hakea named after Baron Christian Ludwig von Hake (1745-1818), a German horticulturalist and patron of botany. Rostrata from the Latin 'rostratus' meaning beaked or curved; referring to the pronounced recurvature of the beak of the fruit.
Found in the Mount Lofty Ranges, Kangaroo Island and the South-east in South Australia, growing on a variety of soils in heathlands and heathy woodlands. Also found in Victoria.
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in Victoria.
Plant description:
Spreading or rounded shrub to 5 m tall with white hairs on branchlets and young leaves. Leaves terete, to 150 mm long and 1.7 mm wide, ascending, pungent tip, glaucous. Inflorescence axillary clusters with 1–10 white flowers. Flowering between July and November.
Fruit type:
Greyish-brown woody S-shaped fruit to  45 mm long and 32 mm wide, coarsely wrinkled with a long narrow beak. Fruit split into two to reveal two seeds.
Seed type:
Dark brown to black ovoid seed to 8 mm long and 6 mm wide (17 mm long and 8 mm wide including the wing that extend half way down one end sides of seed).
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Collect mature woody fruit that are greyish-brown and not split. These will contain seeds.
Seed cleaning:
Place the woody fruit in a tray and leave to dry until it split open. Fruits can be placed in the oven at low temperatures to achieve the same result. Place the dried fruit in a bucket and shake to dislodge the seeds from the valves. Separate the seeds from the fruit and store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed germination:
Seeds are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily without pre-treatment.