Seeds of South Australia
Heliotropium tanythrix (Boraginaceae)
Long-haired Heliotrope
List of species for Heliotropium
Click on an image to enlarge it
Seed collecting:
December to May
Herbarium regions:
North Western, Lake Eyre, Flinders Ranges, Eastern
NRM regions:
Alinytjara Wilurara, South Australian Arid Lands
IBRA regions
Northern Flinders (FLB05)Flinders Lofty Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))
Oodnadatta (STP02)Stony Plains
 Near Threatened   [undercollected]
Murnpeowie (STP03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [outliers ]
Witjira (STP06) 
 Least Concern   [undercollected]
Sturt Stony Desert (CHC02)Channel Country
 Least Concern   [undercollected]
Coongie (CHC06) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [undercollected]
Lake Pure (CHC07) 
 Near Threatened   [undercollected]
Mann-Musgrave Block (CER01)Central Ranges
 Least Concern   [undercollected]
Watarru (CER02) 
 Near Threatened   [undercollected]
Everard Block (CER03) 
 Near Threatened   [undercollected]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Heliotropium]
Name derivation:
Heliotropium from the Greek 'helios' meaning sun and 'tropos' meaning turn; probably alluding to an early belief that the flowers turned to face the sun. Tanythrix from the Greek 'tanyo' meaning to stretch and 'thrix' meaning hair; referring to the length of the hairs on the calyx lobe margin.
Distribution:
Found in the northern part of South Australia, growing in a wide range of habitats including mulga woodland, rocky ridges, mixed woodland, sandhills and undulating plain on sandy soil, stony soil and heavy clay soil. Also found in Western Australia, Northern Territory and Queensland.
Status:
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Annual to short-lived perennial, ascending to spreading herb to 30 cm tall with hairs on the stems, leaves and calyx. Leaves linear to oblong, to 540 mm long and 1 mm wide, appressed hairs, base cuneate to rounded, the apex acute. Inflorescence long spike with white flowers, outer surface with appressed to ascending hairs, the inner surface with hairs in the throat. Flowering throughout the year, but mainly between January and May.
Fruit type:
Brown ovate capsule to 1 mm long and 0.7 mm wide, hairy, apex acute.
Seed type:
Dark brown sectoroid seed to 1 mm long and 0.5 mm wide, with scattered short, spiny hairs.
Embryo type:
Spatulate fully developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature capsule, those that are drying off, turning brown and contain dark, hard seeds inside. Can collect individual fruit cluster or break off whole heads.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and leave to dry for one to two weeks. Then rub the fruits gently by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.