Seeds of South Australia
Hibiscus brachysiphonius (Malvaceae)
Low Hibiscus
List of species for Hibiscus
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Seed collecting:
October to January
Herbarium regions:
North Western, Lake Eyre, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern
NRM regions:
Alinytjara Wilurara, South Australian Arid Lands
IBRA regions
Northern Flinders (FLB05)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern
Gawler Lakes (GAW03)Gawler
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [southern limit]
Arcoona Plateau (GAW04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [southern limit]
Strzelecki Desert (SSD05)Simpson Strzelecki Dunefields
 Near Threatened
Breakaways (STP01)Stony Plains
 Near Threatened
Oodnadatta (STP02) 
 Least Concern
Murnpeowie (STP03) 
 Least Concern
Peake-Dennison Inlier (STP04) 
 Least Concern
Witjira (STP06) 
 Least Concern
Baltana (STP07) 
 Near Threatened
Sturt Stony Desert (CHC02)Channel Country
 Least Concern
Coongie (CHC06) 
 Least Concern
Lake Pure (CHC07) 
 Near Threatened
IBRA regions
Northern Flinders (FLB05)Flinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
2 of 8 subregionsGawlerRare
Strzelecki Desert (SSD05)Simpson Strzelecki DunefieldsNear Threatened
6 of 7 subregionsStony PlainsLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
3 of 4 subregionsChannel CountryLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Hibiscus]
Name derivation:
Hibiscus from the Latin 'hibiscum' which is from the Ancient Greek 'hibiskos' a name for mallow-like plant and possibly used by the physician Dioscorides for marshmallow plant. Brachysiphonius from the Greek 'brachus' meaning short and 'siphon' meaning a tube; referring to the calyx lobes which are united in the lower part forming a short tube at the base.
Found in the central and north-eastern parts of South Australia, growing on heavy soil in Chenopod plains, gibber plains and near breakaways. Also found in all mainland states.
Native. Common in South Australia. Very rare in Victoria. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Low sometimes prostrate sub-shrub to 30 cm high, resprouting after rain from a perennial rootstock. Leaves green with scattered hairs, lower leaves obovate, crenate, upper leaves deeply 3-lobed, to 5 cm long and wide. Inflorescence solitary on a long stalk with pale pink flower, calyx lobes united in the lower part forming a short tube. Flowering between August and October.
Fruit type:
Brown globular, glabrous capsule to 12 mm long.
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Collect capsules that are drying off and starting to turn brown. The seed inside should be brown and hard.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules into a tray and leave to dry for a week. Then rub the capsules by hand to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed germination:
This species has physical dormancy that needs to be overcome for the seed to germinate (e.g. nicking or softening the seed coat).