Seeds of South Australia
Hyalosperma glutinosum ssp. glutinosum (Compositae)
Golden Sunray
List of species for Hyalosperma
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Seed collecting:
October to January
Herbarium regions:
Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin
IBRA regions
Fleurieu (KAN02)Kanmantoo
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [edge of range]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [edge of range, around Barossa]
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Least Concern   [Ephemeral]
Olary Spur (FLB03) 
 Least Concern   [Ephemeral]
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Least Concern   [Ephemeral]
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Near Threatened   (Probable Decline)   [edge of range]
St Vincent (EYB02)Eyre Yorke Block
 Least Concern
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Least Concern
Talia (EYB04) 
 Least Concern
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Least Concern
South Olary Plain (MDD01)Murray Darling Depression
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [comes up after good rain]
Murray Mallee (MDD02) 
 Least Concern   [likes disturbance]
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Least Concern
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02) 
 Least Concern
Gawler Lakes (GAW03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Arcoona Plateau (GAW04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Yellabinna (GVD06)Great Victoria Desert
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [check ID of nthn records & location of sthn record]
IBRA regions
Fleurieu (KAN02)KanmantooRare
  (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [edge of range]
5 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
4 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
2 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
, Rare
4 of 8 subregionsGawlerLeast Concern
, Rare
Yellabinna (GVD06)Great Victoria DesertRare
  (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [check ID of nthn records & location of sthn record]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Hyalosperma]
Name derivation:
Hyalosperma from the Greek 'hyalos' meaning glass and 'sperma' meaning a seed; refers to the transparent wing of the achenes. Glutinosum from the Latin 'gluten' meaning glue; alluding to the resinous secretion covering the type specimen.
Found in the central part of South Australia, growing on sandy in exposed situations in a wide variety of soils
in woodlands and shrublands. Also found in Western Australia, New South Wales and Victoria.
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Annual herb to 20cm tall or sprawling, glabrous or sparsely cottony. Leaves alternating up the stems, to 16 mm long and 1mm wide, cylindrical, sparsely hairy to hairless, tips blunt. Flower-heads , bell- or funnel-shaped becoming hemispherical, borne singly at the end of the stems with yellow daisy flowers. Flowering between August and October.
Fruit type:
Dense yellow or pale brown papery head.
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Collect heads or whole plants that are drying off and turning brown. Each head should have numerous tiny seeds.
Seed cleaning:
Place the heads in a tray for a week to dry. Then rub the heads gently with your hands to dislodge the seeds. Use a fine sieve to separate the seeds from the unwanted material. Be careful as the seeds are very small. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed germination:
Seeds are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily.