Seeds of South Australia
Hybanthus floribundus ssp. floribundus (Violaceae)
Shrub Violet
List of species for Hybanthus
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Seed collecting:
July to December
Herbarium regions:
Flinders Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Eyre Peninsula, Kangaroo Island, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
Lucindale (NCP03)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Near Threatened   [on roadsides]
Tintinara (NCP04) 
 Near Threatened   (Probable Decline)
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Near Threatened
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Least Concern
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Least Concern
Broughton (FLB02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)   [restricted to 2 ridge-lines]
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Least Concern
Northern Flinders (FLB05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))
Central Flinders (FLB06) 
 Near Threatened
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)
St Vincent (EYB02) 
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Definite Decline)
Eyre Hills (EYB03) 
 Least Concern
Talia (EYB04) 
 Least Concern
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Least Concern
South Olary Plain (MDD01)Murray Darling Depression
 Near Threatened   [edge of range]
Murray Mallee (MDD02) 
 Least Concern
Murray Lakes and Coorong (MDD03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [edge of range]
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Regionally Extinct   [possibly extinct]
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)Riverina
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Near Threatened   [edge of range]
Gawler Volcanics (GAW02) 
 Near Threatened   [edge of range]
Yellabinna (GVD06)Great Victoria Desert
 Least Concern
IBRA regions
2 of 4 subregionsNaracoorte Coastal PlainNear Threatened
2 of 2 subregionsKanmantooLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
5 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
5 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockLeast Concern
, Rare
, Endangered
4 of 6 subregionsMurray Darling DepressionLeast Concern
, Near Threatened
, Rare
, Regionally Extinct
Murray Scroll Belt (RIV06)RiverinaRare
  (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)
2 of 8 subregionsGawlerNear Threatened
Yellabinna (GVD06)Great Victoria DesertLeast Concern
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Hybanthus]
Name derivation:
Hybanthus from the Greek 'hybos' meaning hump and 'anthos' meaning flower; referring to the spurred or pouched anterior petal. Floribundus from the Latin 'flos' meaning flower and '-abundus' meaning copious; alluding to the species profuse flowering.
Found in the southern part of South Australia, growing in a range of habitats. Also found in Western Australia, New South Wales and Victoria.
Native. Common in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Smooth perennial shrub to 1.5 m tall. Leaves alternate, linear, lanceolate or oblong, to 35 mm long and 7 mm wide, acute or obtuse, more or less recurved, stipules linear to 1.5 mm long, glabrous. Inflorescence axillary, along a short spike with pale-blue to white or dark-blue to green flowers. Flowering between May and October.
Fruit type:
Pale green capsule to 8 mm long, with numerous seeds.
Seed type:
Dark brown to black ovoid seed 2-3 mm long with white aril
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Collect capsules that are maturing, drying and turning pale green with dark seeds inside. Keep an eye on the capsules as they can ripen and split open quickly.
Seed cleaning:
Place the capsules in a tray and cover with paper to prevent seeds popping out and leave to dry for a week. Then rub the capsules gently  with your hands to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed germination:

The collections and germination research being undertaken on this species are supported by the Murray Malle Local Action Planning Association (MMLAP) and the East Murray Area School. 

The SA Seed Conservation Centre recently collected 8,000+ seeds for this species for upcoming germination research in early 2018. Plants propagated from this research will be utilised in local projects included a Seed Production Area in the region and a germination protocol will be made available on this webpage.