Seeds of South Australia
Hypolepis rugosula (Dennstaedtiaceae)
Ruddy Ground-fern
List of species for Hypolepis
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Herbarium regions:
Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Kangaroo Island, South East
IBRA regions
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [around Marshes Swamp]
Glenelg Plain (NCP02)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [around Marshes Swamp]
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)   [vulnerable on roadsides; roadworks & blue gums - threats]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [only grows in swamps]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [only grows in swamps]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Hypolepis]
Name derivation:
Hypolepis from the Greek 'hypo' meaning below and 'lepis' meaning a scale; alluding to the scale-like indusium. Rugosula means wrinkled; referring to the fronds.
Found on Kangaroo Island, southern Mount Lofty Ranges and the lower South-east in South Australia, growing along shady streams or open wetter areas. Also found in Queensland, New South Wales and Tasmania. Introduced to Western Australia.
Native. Uncommon in South Australia. Uncommon in Queensland. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Fern with long-creeping  rhizome to 5 mm thick, densely covered by shiny, chestnut-brown hairs. Fronds to 1 m long, erect or flaccid, stipe to 5 mm thick near the base, lamina tripinnate, firm, deep-green, hairs brown.
Fruit type:
Brown sori near the sinus of a lobe or tooth, unprotected or partially protected by reflexed marginal flap which is fringed with a few hairs. 
Seed type:
Very fine golden brown spores.
Seed collecting:
Collect fronds containing sori.
Seed cleaning:
Shake fronds to dislodge the spores onto a clean piece of paper. Store spores in liquid nitrogen.