Seeds of South Australia
Hypolepis rugosula (Dennstaedtiaceae)
Ruddy Ground-fern
List of species for Hypolepis
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Herbarium regions:
Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Kangaroo Island, South East
IBRA regions
Mount Gambier (SVP02)Southern Volcanic Plain
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [around Marshes Swamp]
Glenelg Plain (NCP02)Naracoorte Coastal Plain
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [around Marshes Swamp]
Kangaroo Island (KAN01)Kanmantoo
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   (Probable Decline)   [vulnerable on roadsides; roadworks & blue gums - threats]
Fleurieu (KAN02) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [only grows in swamps]
Mount Lofty Ranges (FLB01)Flinders Lofty Block
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [only grows in swamps]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Hypolepis]
Name derivation:
Hypolepis from the Greek 'hypo' meaning below and 'lepis' meaning a scale; alluding to the scale-like indusium. Rugosula means wrinkled; referring to the fronds.
Distribution:
Found on Kangaroo Island, southern Mount Lofty Ranges and the lower South-east in South Australia, growing along shady streams or open wetter areas. Also found in Queensland, New South Wales and Tasmania. Introduced to Western Australia.
Status:
Native. Uncommon in South Australia. Uncommon in Queensland. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Fern with long-creeping  rhizome to 5 mm thick, densely covered by shiny, chestnut-brown hairs. Fronds to 1 m long, erect or flaccid, stipe to 5 mm thick near the base, lamina tripinnate, firm, deep-green, hairs brown.
Fruit type:
Brown sori near the sinus of a lobe or tooth, unprotected or partially protected by reflexed marginal flap which is fringed with a few hairs. 
Seed type:
Very fine golden brown spores.
Seed collecting:
Collect fronds containing sori.
Seed cleaning:
Shake fronds to dislodge the spores onto a clean piece of paper. Store spores in liquid nitrogen.