Seeds of South Australia
Acacia wattsiana (Leguminosae)
Watt's Wattle
List of species for Acacia
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Seed collecting:
December to February
Herbarium regions:
Flinders Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty
NRM regions:
Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges, Eyre Peninsula, South Australian Arid Lands
IBRA region
Broughton (FLB02)Flinders Lofty Block
 Near Threatened   (Probable Decline)   [Endemic to NY. Sold in nurseries. Suckering -clonal. Grazed]
Southern Flinders (FLB04) 
 Near Threatened   (Probable Decline)   [Endemic to NY. Sold in nurseries. Suckering -clonal. Grazed]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Acacia]
Name derivation:
Acacia from the Greek 'akakia' and derived from 'ake' or 'akis' meaning a sharp point or thorn and 'akazo' meaning to sharpen. Dioscorides, the Greek physician and botanist used the word in the 1st century AD for the Egyptian thorn tree, Acacia arabica. Wattsiana probably commemorates Alfred Watts, one of the two members of the South Australia Legislative Council elected in 1855.
Endemic to South Australia with a rather restricted distribution in the northern Mount Lofty Ranges, growing in woodland to open forest or tussock grassland vegetation.
Native. Common in South Australia.
Plant description:
Dense, bushy rounded, spreading, glabrous shrubs to 2 m high, with thin, greyish-brown bark. Leaves narrow-obovate, oblanceolate to 6 cm long and 10 mm wide; straight or slightly curved, glabrous, light-green; mid-vein slightly excentric, lateral veins numerous obscure and reticulate; margins prominent and yellowish; glands small, situated on the upper margin below the centre of the leaf. Inflorescences axillary racemes with globular, yellow flower-heads. Flowering between October and December.
Fruit type:
Brown, linear pod to 12 cm long and 7 mm wide, flat but raised over seeds, narrowed at both ends, margins thickened and vein-like, slightly contracted between seeds.
Seed type:
Hard, black semi-flat, ovoid seed to 4 mm long and 2.5 mm wide.
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Collect mature pods that are turning brown, with hard, dark seeds inside.
Seed cleaning:
Place the pods in a tray and leave to dry for 1-2 weeks or until the pods begin to split. Then rub the dried pods to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate any unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From one collection, the seed viability was high, at 95%.
Seed germination:
This species has physical dormancy that needs to be overcome for the seed to germinate (e.g. nicking or softening the seed coat).
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
6650 (72.3 g)
6650 (72.3 g)
Flinders Ranges
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.