Seeds of South Australia
Templetonia stenophylla (Leguminosae)
Leafy templetonia
List of species for Templetonia
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Seed collecting:
December to February
Herbarium regions:
Murray, South Eastern
NRM regions:
South Australian Murray-Darling Basin, South East
IBRA regions
Fleurieu (KAN02)Kanmantoo
 Endangered   (IUCN: EN D)   [highly restricted; only 1 pop known from Waanderstitz HA]
Lowan Mallee (MDD04)Murray Darling Depression
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)
Wimmera (MDD05) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU B2ab(i,ii,iii))   (Probable Decline)   [declining due to hares]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Templetonia]
Name derivation:
Templetonia named after John Templeton (1766-1825) of Belfast and a founding member of the Belfast Natural History Society. Stenophylla from the Greek 'stenos' meaning narrow and 'phylla' meaning leaf.
Found in a restricted area around Bordertown with a few collections near Hartley. Also occurs in Queensland, New Wales and Victoria.
Native. Very rare in South Australia. Common in the other states.
Plant description:
Perennial shrub with many twiggy stems. Upper leaves are linear and lower leaves are narrow-oblong. Flowers are brown-yellow pea flowers at the base of leaves, appearing in winter and spring.
Fruit type:
Balloon-like pods with few seeds.
Seed type:
Brown-orange ovoid seeds to 6 mm long, with a large aril at one end.
Embryo type:
Seed collecting:
Collect mature pods when turning brown with hard seeds inside.
Seed cleaning:
Place the pods in a tray to dry for a week.  Ensure the tray is covered with newspaper to prevent the seeds from popping out. Then rub the dried pods carefully to dislodge the seeds. Use a sieve to separate the unwanted material. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed germination:
This species has physical dormancy that needs to be overcome for the seed to germinate (e.g. nicking or softening the seed coat).
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
BGA200 (3.58 g)30+2-Dec-2004Wolsely Common
South Eastern
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.