Seeds of South Australia
Kippistia suaedifolia (Compositae)
Fleshy Minuria
List of species for Kippistia
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Seed collecting:
September to October
Herbarium regions:
North Western, Lake Eyre, Nullarbor, Gairdner-Torrens, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Murray, Yorke Peninsula
NRM regions:
Alinytjara Wilurara, Eyre Peninsula, Northern and Yorke, South Australian Arid Lands, South Australian Murray-Darling Basin
IBRA regions
Southern Flinders (FLB04)Flinders Lofty Block
 Data Deficient
Northern Flinders (FLB05) 
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D2)   [restricted habitat; mining is biggest threat; no recent records; Leigh Ck coal mine caused historic decline]
Southern Yorke (EYB01)Eyre Yorke Block
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU C2a(i))   [Habitat specific, lives in gypsym. Threatened by mining. Severely fragmented. Probable decline.]
Eyre Mallee (EYB05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [gypsious habitat]
South Olary Plain (MDD01)Murray Darling Depression
 Vulnerable   (IUCN: VU D1+2)   [habitat specific-gypsum]
Myall Plains (GAW01)Gawler
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [gypsious habitat]
Gawler Lakes (GAW03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [gypsious habitat]
Arcoona Plateau (GAW04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [gypsious habitat]
Kingoonya (GAW05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [gypsious habitat]
Torrens (GAW06) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [restricted habitat]
Roxby (GAW07) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [restricted habitat]
Commonwealth Hill (GAW08) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [restricted habitat]
Maralinga (GVD03)Great Victoria Desert
 Least Concern   [gypsious habitat]
Kintore (GVD04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [restricted habitat]
Yellabinna (GVD06) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [gypsious habitat]
Nullarbor Plain (NUL02)Nullarbor
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [gypsious habitat]
Yalata (NUL03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(ii))   [gypsious habitat]
Barrier Range Outwash (BHC04)Broken Hill Complex
 Data Deficient   [Habitat specific]
Simpson Desert (SSD02)Simpson Strzelecki Dunefields
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [restricted habitat]
Dieri (SSD03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [restricted habitat]
Warriner (SSD04) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [restricted habitat]
Strzelecki Desert (SSD05) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [restricted habitat]
Oodnadatta (STP02)Stony Plains
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [restricted habitat]
Murnpeowie (STP03) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [restricted habitat]
Witjira (STP06) 
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [restricted habitat]
Tieyon (FIN03)Finke
 Rare   (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [restricted habitat]
IBRA regions
2 of 6 subregionsFlinders Lofty BlockVulnerable
, Data Deficient
2 of 5 subregionsEyre Yorke BlockRare
, Vulnerable
South Olary Plain (MDD01)Murray Darling DepressionVulnerable
  (IUCN: VU D1+2)   [habitat specific-gypsum]
7 of 8 subregionsGawlerRare
3 of 4 subregionsGreat Victoria DesertLeast Concern
, Rare
2 of 3 subregionsNullarborRare
Barrier Range Outwash (BHC04)Broken Hill ComplexData Deficient
  [Habitat specific]
4 of 4 subregionsSimpson Strzelecki DunefieldsRare
3 of 7 subregionsStony PlainsRare
Tieyon (FIN03)FinkeRare
  (IUCN: RA d(i,ii))   [restricted habitat]
RSCA map:
Regional Species Conservation Assessments per IBRA subregion. Please click the thumbnail map.
AVH map:
Australian distribution map (external link)
SA Census:
Census of South Australian plants (external link)     [genus Kippistia]
Name derivation:
Kippistia name after Richard Kippist (1812–1882), a librarian of the Linnean Society of London from 1840-1880. Suaedifolia from the genus Suaeda (seepweeds and seablites) and the Latin 'folium' meaning leaf; alluding to the species having Suaeda-like leaves.
A gypsophile species scattered across much of South Australia, generally growing on mounds on the margins of salt lakes or clay pans on powdery gypseous soils. Also found in all mainland states.
Native. Common in South Australia. Very rare in Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria. Uncommon in Northern Territory. Common in Western Australia.
Plant description:
Compact dwarf shrub to 60 cm high with erect, wiry, much-branched stems. Leaves linear, entire, terete, to 24 mm long and less than 1 mm wide, glabrous, semisucculent. Flowers at terminal of stem with a single yellow daisy flower. Flowering between August and October.
Fruit type:
Yellow-brown daisy-head.
Seed type:
Purple to brown ovoid seed to 1 mm long and 0.5 mm wide.
Embryo type:
Spatulate fully developed.
Seed collecting:
Collect mature daisy heads that are starting to dry off, should easily come off by hand.
Seed cleaning:
Place the heads in a tray for a week to dry. Then rub the heads gently with your hands to dislodge the seeds. Viable seeds will be round and hard. Store the seeds with a desiccant such as dried silica beads or dry rice, in an air tight container in a cool and dry place.
Seed viability:
From two collections, the seed viability were high, at 100%.
Seed germination:
Seeds are non-dormant, viable seed should germinate readily.
Seeds stored:
LocationNo. of seeds
(weight grams)
of plants
Collection number
Collection location
% ViabilityStorage
15000 (1.44 g)
15000 (1.44 g)
Yorke Peninsula
BGA2000 (0.11 g)2019-Sep-2009DJD1594
Location: BGA — the seeds are stored at the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, MSB — the seeds are stored at the Millennium Seed Bank, Kew, England.
Number of plants: This is the number of plants from which the seeds were collected.
Collection location: The Herbarium of South Australia's region name.
% Viability: Percentage of filled healthy seeds determined by a cut test or x-ray.